10 Menores Países do Mundo

10 Smallest Countries on the World 


1. Vatican City
Vatican City
Located within the city of Rome, this is a landlocked sovereign city-state with an area of approximately 44 hectares or 110 acres. Vatican City is not a very old country. It was only established in 1929 and is ruled by the Bishop of Rome, also known as the Pope. Its territory includes the St. Peter’s Basiica, the Sistine Chapel, the Apostolic Palace, several buildings, and some museums. Apart from these popular sites, the territory also include the Vatican Gardens. These are medieval gardens that cover about 23 hectares of the whole country. Vatican City has a population of about 800.

2. Monaco

With a land mass of .75 square miles, Monaco is the second smallest country in the world. It also happens to be the world’s second smallest monarchy. Monaco is located in South Western Europe and is surrounded by France on three sides and the Mediterranean Sea. With its population reaching over 30,000, Monaco is also one of the most densely populated nations on Earth. The country’s main industry is tourism; every year, many people visit this microstate to gamble or enjoy its wonderful weather.

3. Nauru

Located in Micronesia in South Pacific, Nauru is an island state with a land area of 8.1 square miles. The Republic of Nauru is the smallest island nation in the world. This county gained its independence in 1968 but this island has been home to its natives for at least 3,000 years. In 1798, a whale hunted named John Fearn was the first Westerner to visit the island. He named it Pleasant Island. Right now, this nation has a population of over 9,000. For this reason, they have no armed forces.

4. Tuvalu

Also located in the Pacific Ocean, Tuvalu is an island nation with a total area of 10 square miles. This nation has five atolls and four reef islands. This nation was formerly known as Ellice Islands. It was discovered in 1568 and was under Britain towards the end of the 19th century. They gained their independence from the United Kingdom in 1978. Right now, this country has a population of 10,472. Because it has almost no natural resources, Tuvalu’s main source of income is foreign aid.

5. San Marino

Ficheiro:Sanmarino5.jpg
With a total land area of 24 square miles, San Marino is the fifth smallest nation in the world. It also has the smallest population of all Council of Europe members. San Marino, however, is one of the oldest surviving independent nations in the world. This country’s founding dates back to the third of September, 301. This country’s constitution was enacted in 1600, making San Marino the second oldest constitutional republic on Earth. San Marino is also one of the richest countries in the world; they have a budget surplus and no national debt.

6. Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein is also a landlocked country located in Europe. Surrounded by Switzerland and Austia, this country has a total area of about 61.7 square miles. This Alpine country may be one of the smallest but it is one of the wealthiest in the world. It is a favorite winter destination in Europe but this is not how the country earns most of its money. Liechtenstein is a popular business center with more registered companies than residents.

7. Marshall Islands

Marshall-islands
Located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, Marshall Islands is composed mainly of atolls and islands. This country has a total area of 70 square miles and a population of over 62,000. This country gained its independence from the United States only in 1986. Up until today, aid from the US is generally what keeps Marshall Islands’s economy afloat. This nation has almost no natural resources and imports more than they export. In recent years, Marshall Islands suffered from extremely high energy costs.

8. Seychelles

Seychelles has a total area of 174 square miles. This is the 8th smallest country in the world in terms of land mass but has an estimated population of 84,000. This archipelago consists of 115 islands and can be found in the Indian Ocean. Seychelles has always been progressive, exporting cinnamon, copra, and vanilla. But since they gained independence in 1976, Seychelles’s main source of income has been tourism. The tourists industry currently employs a third of the country’s working population.

9. Maldives

Another island nation, Maldives is also located in the Indian Ocean. This is currently the smallest Asian country in terms of land area and population. Its total land area is only 115 square miles and as of 2010, it has a population of about 396,334. The country has 1,192 islets but only two hundred of these islands are inhabited. The capital is Male and has about a third of the population of the whole nation. The country’s main source of income today is tourism; in the olden times, this country was a major source of cowry shells, dried tuna fish, and coir rope.

10. St. Kitts and Nevis 

Also called the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis, this is a country located in the West Indies. It is comprised of two islands and has a total land area of 104 square miles. These islands were the first islands in the Caribbean to be inhabited by Westerners. They gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1983. Not only is this the smallest nation in the Americas in terms of area, this also has the smallest population. As of today, this country’s main source of income is tourism. They also rely on agriculture and offshore banking to earn money.

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