10 Cidades em declínio no Mundo (2011/2012)

10 Cities in decline in the World (2011/2012)


10. RICHMOND - USA
 
One cool fact: Richmond is one of two American cities on the "10 least dynamic" list. They are both capitals of large states on the coasts. Both were hurt by cutbacks in government spending, and both still feel the after-shocks of the financial meltdown. Can you guess the other?
From the report: Richmond saw per-capita income growth of only 0.2 percent and an employment decline of 1 percent in 2011, according to Brookings.

9. VALENCIA - SPAIN
One cool fact: One of four Spanish cities on this list, Valencia relied heavily on construction to grow through the 2000s. That bubble has burst.
From the report: On the bright side, every other Spanish city in the Brookings metro analysis performed worse!

8. BARCELONA - SPAIN
One cool fact: Barcelona is the second largest city in Spain, after Madrid, and the recession has stunted its growth as the region's business capital.
From the report: Barcelona's employment decline in 2011 was 4.5% worse than its growth between 1993 and 2010, the 10th worst differential in Brookings' analysis.

7. NAPLES - ITALY
One cool fact: The cargo capital of Italy, Naples is the fourth richest city in the country, but employment relies heavily on publicly funded services.
From the report: Naples was one of six European cities to experience a full recession in 2011. The others were Athens, Dublin, Seville, Naples, Lisbon, and Valencia.

6. MADRID - SPAIN
One cool fact: Unemployment among Spanish youths is as high as 50 percent according to some measures, the highest in the developed world.
From the report: Although Madrid lost jobs in 2011, its income actually grew ... albeit by 0.1 percent.

5. SACRAMENTO - USA
One cool fact: According to Brookings, the capital of California was the worst-performing large metro economy in North America. In either America, actually.
From the report: Shrinking government and a sick housing market doomed the metro in 2011. "Two of Sacramento’s largest sectors (local/ non-market and business and financial services) shed jobs in 2011. Housing foreclosure rates remain among the highest in the country, and house prices remain well below their peak."

4. SEVILLE - SPAIN
One cool fact: If you like your metaphors big, try the Cajasol Tower, the Andalucian skyscraper on which Seville began construction in 2008 and become a symbol of a pre-recession age when Spain believed its construction boom would never end.
From the report: It was the worst-performing city in Spain, but Seville wasn't the worst-performing city on the Iberian peninsula. That one's coming up in two clicks...

3. DUBLIN - IRELAND
One cool fact: Like all of Ireland, Dublin rocketed through the 1990s and 2000s, with GDP per capita expanding at 5.3 percent, remarkably fast for a developed city.
From the report: On the bright side, Dublin is the 14th wealthiest city in Brookings calculations, higher than Paris or Los Angeles in per capita GDP.

2. LISBON - PORTUGAL
One cool fact: Europe’s westernmost metropolitan area is one of the few cities on this list still in a full-fledged growth and employment recession.
From the report: "Cuts in public-sector employment and local/non-market services accounted for 40 percent of Lisbon’s job losses in 2011."

1. ATHENS - GREECE
One cool fact: The biggest loser is Athens, and as it turns out, the competition wasn't even close. No other major city saw a greater decline in GDP per capita (-4.5%) OR employment (-3.5%)
From the report: "The bottom performer, not surprisingly, was Athens, ground zero in the continuing European fiscal and financial crisis during 2011."

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