10 Melhores arquiteturas nos Jogos Olímpicos

10 Best Architecture in the Olympic Games

1. Bird's Nest (National Stadium in Beijing), Beijing 2008
  (Foto: divulgação)
Architects: Herzog & de Meuron

The boldness of the Olympic stadium in Beijing made him the ultimate symbol of the 2008 Games, held in the city. Inspired by the shapes and designs of the traditional Chinese porcelain, the building also refers to a bird's nest, which is considered to have healing properties and is used as a delicacy in the local cuisine. His appearance - coidealizado by artist Ai Weiwei, in partnership with the Swiss architects Herzog & de Meuron - is the contrast between the iluiminação and steel structure that forms a web across the facade. More than 17,000 people worked in construction, whose cost exceeded $ 423 million.

2. Yoyogi National Gymnasium, Tokyo 1964
  (Foto: reprodução / http://www.trekearth.com/gallery/Asia/Japan/Kanto/Tokyo/Yoyogi_Park/photo116477.htm)
Architect: Kenzo Tange

The Colosseum of Rome, the father of all the arenas, the inspiration for the cover of this gym, built within the Olympic Park which hosted the 1964 Tokyo Olympics. An icon of brutalist architecture, the Yoyogi also refers to two established projects carried out in 1958: high school hockey at Yale University, USA, creation of Eero Saarinen, and the Philips pavilion designed by Le Corbusier for the World Fair in Brussels. The concrete dominates the Japanese gym, and suspended its structure frees the area for parking of vehicles priority at the time of its construction. The importance of the project was one of the factors that earned the architect Kenzo Tange (1913-2005) the Pritzker Prize in 1987.

3. Olympic Stadium in Munich, Munich 1972
  (Foto: reprodução / Wikimedia Commons / http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ficheiro:Olympiastadion_Muenchen.jpg)
Architect: Günther Behnisch

With capacity for 80,000 people, the Olympiastadion in Munich is the main construction of the sports complex that hosted the 1972 Olympics. Designed by German Günther Behnisch, in collaboration with the civil engineer Frei Otto, the stadium also hosted the final of World Cup 1974. Your coverage seeks to reproduce the drawing of the mountains that make up the Alps, a symbol of Bavaria, the German state whose capital is Munich. At the time of the Olympics, it was considered that its sinuous lines were a response to the symmetry of the Olympiastadion in Berlin last (10th place on our list), which hosted the 1936 Games under Nazism.

4. Panathinaiko Stadium, Athens 1896 and 2004
  (Foto: reprodução / Flickr / http://www.flickr.com/photos/kmascarenhas/5413663551/sizes/l/in/photostream/)
Architect: Lycurgus

Headquarters of the first Olympics of the modern era, held in 1896, the arena was built over the ruins of a stadium built according to design of Lycurgus in 566 BC, in the center of Athens to host sports tournaments in honor of the goddess Athena. Originally it was used for athletic competitions, but during the 2004 Olympics, hosted the archery contests, and the advent of male and female marathon. Your plan design follows a "U", similar to the Circus Maximus in Rome, and comfortably holds up to 50 thousand people. It is built entirely with white marble.

5. Water Cube (National Aquatics Center), Beijing 2008
  (Foto: reprodução / Flickr / http://www.flickr.com/photos/89241789@N00/3633449081/sizes/l/in/photostream/)
Architects: PTW Architects, CSCEC, CCDI and Arup

Beside the Bird's Nest, the Water Cube is a symbol of the 2008 Olympics. Its design has been written by an international consortium led by Australian and British, but the concept is genuinely Chinese. Every detail makes references to the elements. Its rectangular shape, for example, the earth symbol, while the drawings represent organic façade water. The illumination has a symbolic key role in this, since the building at night, actually looks like a glass cube full waterline. During the Olympics, hosted the swimming, diving and synchronized swimming and harbored no less than 25 breaks world records.

6. Montreal's Olympic Stadium, Montreal 1976
  (Foto: reprodução / Wikimedia Commons / http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Olympic_Stadium_Montr%C3%A9al_-_Home_of_the_1976_Olympic_Games.jpg)
Architect: Roger Taillibert

The stadium which hosted the major battles of the 1976 Olympics is known by locals as "The Big O" (in Portuguese, "the big O"). The title refers to the circular shape of its coverage, but also refers to the English word owe, which means debt. Fair enough: the work took more than $ 1.7 billion Canadian and took 30 years to complete. At the opening of the Olympics, for example, the tower, which today marks its silhouette, did not exist. The construction of the Olympic Park in Montreal had a succession of obstacles - such as a strike by workers on the eve of the competition - but their buildings, in particular the Olympic stadium, are icons of the so-called organic architecture.

7. Olympic Park of Athens, Athens 2004
  (Foto: reprodução / Flickr / http://www.flickr.com/photos/lou/1345858126/sizes/o/in/photostream/)
Architect: Santiago Calatrava

Originally built in 1982, the stadium was one of the strengths that Athens used to try to host the Olympics in 1996, to mark the 100th anniversary of the Games. But Atlanta won. Santiago Calatrava was then called to renew the Olympic Park (pictured in the background, one of its gyms). The most striking element of his speech is the coverage of the arenas, where the attention symmetrical arches. The Greek capital was eventually chosen to host the 2004 Games, and a symbol of the competition was just the bold project conducted by the Spanish architect. Since then, there are performed the most important sporting and cultural events in town, like the end of league football and rock concerts.

8. Komazawa Gymnasium, Tokyo 1964
  (Foto: reprodução / http://bartman905.wordpress.com/2010/04/06/top-43-things-to-do-and-see-in-tokyo/)
Architect: Yoshinobu Ashihara

There are a series of events that mark the memory of those who could see the Tokyo Olympic Games, held in 1964. It was the first time that Asia hosted the Olympics. It was the first time that South Africa, on behalf of the apartheid regime, could not participate in the tournament world. But one of the most memorable of the Games was just the Olympic Park, due to the quality of the architecture of its buildings. In the Yoyogi National Gymnasium (2nd on our list), the Komazawa Gymnasium, designed by Yoshinobu Ashihara, is remembered by the strength of its forms, where concrete emerges as the main element.

9. Velodrome, London 2012
  (Foto: divulgação)
Architects: Hopkins Architects

First work to be completed within the Olympic Park in London, where there were the 2012 Olympic Games, the velodrome will be remembered by the environmental quality of your project, conducted by the UK office Hopkins Architects. All wood that make their floors and walls, for example, is certified origin. Moreover, its system of air circulation eliminates the need for air conditioning or heating. For cross ventilation possible, the construction of the cover has a single curvature which yielded by the name of London: The Pringle, since the shape of industrial potatoes.

10. Olympiastadion, Berlin 1936
  (Foto: reprodução / Wikimedia Commons / http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Berlin_Olympiastadion_Main_Entrance_Olympic_Rings_dec_2004b.jpg)
Architects: Werner and Walter March

The majesty and power of the classical symmetry define the Olympiastadion Berlin stadium used during the Olympic Games in 1936 and immortalized in movies such as Olympia (Leni Riefenstahl, 1938) and Architecture of Destruction (Peter Cohen, 1989). The arena is the main construction of the Olympic Games, which marked the rise of Nazism. Ali, Adolf Hitler showed his ideology, both during and after athletic competition. But inside the stadium was the runner Jesse Owens American, black, won four gold medals in athletics, placing racist speech by land system in Germany then. Used by the British as a military base after World War II, the stadium hosted today and runs until the end of World Cup 2006.

Source: globo.com


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