10 Segredos e polêmicas de 10 cartões-postais do Mundo

10 Secrets and controversial of 10 postcards of the World

Taj Mahal, Agra - India (1630-1652)
  (Foto: reprodução / http://searchparineeti.blogspot.com.br/2012/06/taj-mahal-construction-time.html)
After the Taj Mahal almost come down during the Indian rebellion in 1857, the Indian government began to take better care of the mausoleum made of the love of Shah-Jahan (and the strength of over 20,000 men) by the princess Mumtaz Mahal. The dome was protected by a giant scaffold during the air raids of World War 2, in the 1940s, and the conflict between India and Pakistan, which lasted between 1960 and 1970.

Capitol, Washington - United States (1793-1868)
  (Foto: Brady-Handy Collection)
The first session of the Congress took place in November 1800, with the Capitol still under construction. This is because the project commissioned by President George Washington was completed only in the management of Andrew Johnson, the 17th leader of the country. During these 75 years, the original drawing of William Thornton went through several modifications (and the hands of seven other architects), as shown in the photo above, from 1863, when the dome was rebuilt in the final phase of expansion of the building.

Statue of Liberty, New York - United States (1876-1884)
  (Foto: Albert Fernique / New York Public Library Collection)
The Frenchman Auguste Bartholdi Statue of Liberty ended in 1884, but it only opened two years later. It is the monument that celebrates the centenary of U.S. independence was built in the backyard of the artist in France. Once ready, it had to be dismantled into 350 pieces and boxed in 214 crates to be delivered by ship to New York.

Brooklyn Bridge, New York - United States (1870-1883)
  (Foto: Wikimedia commons)
The suspension bridge that unites the two most famous districts of New York, Brooklyn and Manhattan, was built over the river from the top down, with pneumatic chambers. The innovative project took 13 years to complete, used almost 10,000 kilometers of steel cables, cost more than $ 15 million and killed about 20 people, including its designer, John Roebling German.

Eiffel Tower, Paris - France (1887-1889)
  (Foto: reprodução / http://beineckeroom26.library.yale.edu/2009/12/10/going-up/)
The engineer Gustave Eiffel's tower was to be only the gateway to the great international exhibition of 1889, bringing together the scientific and cultural innovations of the time - ie, was conceived as a temporary attraction. But when the cast iron frame of 10 000 tonnes and 300 meters high was ready, he won the position of the largest building in the world for 41 years - and the heart of the French forever.

Empire State, New York - United States (1930-1931)
  (Foto: reprodução / http://www.retronaut.co/2012/07/construction-of-the-empire-state-1929-1931/)
About 3000 workers made up the Empire State four floors and a half each week during construction. The skyscraper was built in record time to win the race of the world's tallest building, title previously held by the Eiffel Tower. Brick by brick in a quick sketch worked, and he held the top spot for over four decades.

Golden Gate Bridge, California - United States (1933-1937)
  (Foto: Hulton Archive)
For nearly a decade, 2,000 shares tried to stop the construction of the Golden Gate Bridge at the entrance of the San Francisco Bay: the villagers were afraid of losing the beautiful view, and the military, an exit strategy in times of war. Even the selection of color is turbulent. The Navy required yellow and black stripes so that boats could sighting it from afar, but as the builders decided to paint it, a test was made to the rafters with international orange. State authorities like the vibrant tones and stayed with him.

Fallingwater House, Pennsylvania - United States (1936-1939)
  (Foto: Western Pennsylvania Conservancy )
The Kauffman family was somewhat disappointed when he discovered that it would be difficult to see the falls from the balcony of his new house, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. When the architect was surprised the residents and showed that the building was erected on the waterfall not to see it, but to feel it: the sound of the waterfall fills the interior of the mansion, now converted into a museum.

Pyramid at the Louvre, Paris - France (1984-1989)
  (Foto: flickr / http://www.flickr.com/photos/70179951@N03/7489409666/ )
Before becoming a symbol is as strong as the Mona Lisa to 8.5 million tourists who pass through the Louvre each year, the five pyramids of entry were the subject of much debate in France. Not enough the project has been criticized for having too futuristic shapes to classic context of the museum, the best-selling novel by Dan Brown, The Da Vinci Code, revived the myth of the 1980s that the main structure is 666 accurate glass plates . On the anniversary of 20 years, architect I. M. Pei again dismissed the controversy and said he used 673 plates, with 603 diamonds and 70 triangles.

Guggenheim Museum Bilbao - Spain (1993-1997)
  (Foto: divulgação)
One of the cornerstones of the revitalization of the Basque town, the design of Frank Gehry transformed an abandoned harbor into a strong tourist and cultural center of Spain. As important as the unusual mixture of titanium, glass and limestone, was a double honor that the American architect provided with the building of 46 m in height. The shape resembles the modern design of Frank Lloyd Wright, author of the Guggenheim in New York, while it is also a ship, in reference to the old production boat in which Bilbao was once known.

Source: globo.com


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