10 Florestas mais devastadas no Mundo

10 Most devastated Forests on the World

1. Regions of Indo-Burma (Asia-Pacific)

The region's rivers have been dammed to generate electricity, swamping sandbars and other habitats typically exposed during the dry season, with severe impacts on bird nests and turtle species. The conversion of mangroves into shrimp aquaculture tanks, overfishing and use of destructive fishing techniques are also serious problems for coastal ecosystems and freshwater. It remains 5% of the original habitat.

2. New Zealand (Oceania)

None of its mammals, amphibians and reptiles are found elsewhere in the world. Today, invasive species pose a serious threat to the flora and fauna of the islands of New Zealand. Adding to the impact of hunting and habitat destruction, the last two hundred years have been marked by the extinction of countless species. It remains 5% of the original habitat.

3. Sunda (Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei - Asia-Pacific)

The Sunda hotspot covers the western half of the Indo-Malay archipelago, an arc of about 17 000 equatorial islands, including the two largest islands in the world: Boréo and Sumatra. Its flora and fauna are succumbing to the explosive growth of the forest industry and international trade of animals consuming tigers, monkeys and turtle species for food and medicine in other countries. The production of rubber, palm oil and pulp are the three main factors that lead to the degradation and destruction of biodiversity Sunda. It remains to 7% of the original habitat.

4. Philippines (Asia-Pacific)

Historically devastated by logging, the few remaining today are being decimated by agriculture and due to the high population growth rate and severe rural poverty in the country. More than 7,100 islands are within the borders of the Philippines hotspot. It remains to 7% of the original habitat.

5. Atlantic Forest (South America)

The Atlantic Forest stretches across the entire Brazilian Atlantic coast, parts of Paraguay, Argentina and Uruguay, including oceanic islands and the archipelago of Fernando de Noronha. Starting with the cycle of cane sugar, followed by coffee plantations, the region has been deforested for hundreds of years. Now, the Atlantic Forest is facing pressure from increasing urbanization and industrialization of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo. More than 100 million people, besides the textile industry, agriculture, cattle ranching and logging in the region depend on the fresh water supply of the remaining forest. It remains 8% of the original habitat.

6. Mountains of South-Central China (Asia)

The endangered giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), which is almost entirely restricted to these small forests, is the flag of the conservation area. Illegal activities of hunting, gathering firewood and pasture are some of the main threats to local biodiversity. The construction of dams is being planned in all major rivers of the forest, which should affect ecosystems and the livelihoods of millions of people. It remains 8% of the original habitat.

7. California Floristic Province (North America)

The vast destruction caused by commercial agriculture is a major threat to the region, which generates half of all agricultural products used by U.S. consumers. The hotspot is also heavily threatened by the expansion of urban areas, pollution and road construction, which made California one of the four states most environmentally degraded country. It remains 10% of the original habitat.

8. Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa (Africa)

Agricultural expansion remains the biggest threat to the Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa. Due to poor soil quality and a trend of population growth, subsistence agriculture, as well as commercial farms, continues to consume natural resources of the region. It remains 10% of the original habitat.

9. Madagascar and Indian Ocean islands (Africa)

In an area that is the most economically disadvantaged in the world, the high rate of population growth is putting tremendous pressure on the natural environment. Agriculture, hunting and unsustainable timber extraction, and mining in large and small scales, are growing threats. It remains 10% of the original habitat.

10. Afromontane Forests (East Africa)

As in most tropical areas, the main threat to these forests is agricultural expansion, especially with large banana plantations, beans and tea. Another relatively new threat, which coincides with the increase in population, is the growing market for meat. It remains 11% of the original habitat.

Source: Conservation International


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