10 Maiores apagões (blackouts) do Mundo (até 2012)

10 Largest blackouts of the World (until 2012)

10. Argentina

About 500 thousand people were without power for 11 days in Buenos Aires after a fire at a power substation caused a blackout that was one of the worst in the history of Argentina. City residents took to the streets and erected barricades with their appliances in protest. Government officials promised to impose fines of at least $ 69 million to Edesur, the owner of the Chilean electric utility substation. The company finally agreed to pay tens of millions of dollars in compensation to consumers.

9. India
Créditos: Reuters
In January 2001, India faced a gigantic blackout reached 220 million people for 13 hours. Authorities blamed the outdated equipment failure.
Across India blackouts are common occurrences, costing millions of dollars in losses in industrial production. The electricity crisis is a major obstacle to India's ability to lift up to the first ranks of the global economy.

8. Italy

Créditos: Reuters
A blackout hit Italy in September 2003. Virtually all of the 57 million inhabitants of the country were affected. The problem was attributed to a series of failures in the power lines from Switzerland and France due to heavy storms.
Why have occurred in the early morning, when most people slept, the impact of the blackout were relatively attenuated. However, 110 trains carrying more than 30,000 passengers were paralyzed and several hundred people were trapped inside subway cars.

7. USA
Créditos: Reuters
When New York City was hit by the largest power failure in U.S. history, more than 20 million people have been left up to 24 hours without light.
The suspension of subways, traffic lights, elevators, cash registers and gas stations resulted in chaos. Thousands of people were trapped in elevators. The streets were crowded with people who could not go home and had to spend the night on the sidewalk.

6. USA
Créditos: Reuters
In August 2003, a massive blackout swept across the northeastern United States as a result of network overhead, shutting down more than 100 power plants.
This was the largest power outage in North American history, with a total of over 50 million people affected. President Bush appointed this blackout as a "warning" and pushed for modernization of antiquated electricity infrastructure.

5. Moscow

Créditos: Reuters
In May 2005, Moscow plunged into chaos for several hours after a massive blackout paralyzed public transport and left homes, shops, restaurants and hospitals without power. According to records, more than 1,500 people were trapped in elevators, and about 20 000 passengers were evacuated from the public subway cars or trapped due to 'blackout'.
The initial cause was a fire at a substation, but Russian President Vladimir Putin used the blackout to accuse the state monopoly of electricity and lack of investment in stations and power grids.

4. Java and Bali
Créditos: Reuters
Traders working with the aid of candles at a market in Chinatown in Jakarta in August 2005. A power failure caused blackout in some parts of Java, the main island of Indonesia. Electricity supply was disrupted in many areas of the islands of Java and Bali, including the capital, Jakarta, in its entirety, leaving no supply almost 100 million people. That was one of the largest and most extensive power outages in history in terms of affected public today.
A transmission line between the cities and industrial Saguling Cilegon, West Java, has failed and caused a ripple effect that caused the shutdown of two units of a power plant in East Java on Java and six other Western. In the wake of the blackout, the Indonesian government ordered the deployment of an additional transmission network in southern Java, which should prevent incidents like this from occurring again in the future.

3. Eastern Europe
Créditos: Reuters
In November 2006, a blackout in Eastern Europe has left over 10 million people in the dark and lit a broad debate on energy transmission and regulation. The German energy company E.ON had turned off a line of high voltage on the River Ems for the passage of a vessel.
This sparked off a chain reaction with power cuts across the west of Germany, France, Belgium, Italy, Spain, Austria and the Netherlands.

2. China
Créditos: Reuters
In January and February of 2008, China was hit by a series of snowstorms that left millions of people without power in the central-eastern and southern China. The storm disrupted the supply of energy and water, leaving stranded millions of migrant workers who tried to return home to spend the Chinese New Year.
The Communist Party responded and mobilized two million military to provide emergency aid, help restore power and put the trains moving again.

1. Brazil

Cars cross a highway in Sao Paulo during a 'blackout' in November 2009. The event reached a total of 87 million people. The two largest cities in Brazil, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, were also affected. Parts of central, south and southeast of the country, as well as the entire Paraguay, were without power.
The blackout was caused by a failure of the Itaipu dam, the second largest dam in the world. A big lightning storm toppled a major transmission line and caused the shutdown of all 20 turbines of the dam. The system took about seven hours to recover. This 'blackout' is considered one of the greatest in history. 

All Photos by Reuters Agency

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