10 + 1 Gerações do Toyota Corolla

10 + 1 Generations of Toyota Corolla
Produced since 1966, the Toyota Corolla have 11 generations and made ​​history as the best selling car in the world.
The Corolla is currently manufactured in 15 countries and marketed in 140 countries on 5 continents. It has sold over 33 million units over 46 years.

1. First generation (E10)
Toyota Corolla First-generation 001
First-generation Toyota Corolla
The first Corolla generation was introduced in October 1966 with the new 1100 cc K pushrod engine. The Corolla Sprinter was introduced as the fastback version in 1968, and exclusive to a Toyota Japan dealership retail outlet called Toyota Auto Store.

2. Second generation (E20)
2nd generation corolla
Second-generation Toyota Corolla
In May 1970, the E20 was restyled with a more rounded body and the 1400 cc T and 1600 cc 2T OHV engines were added to the range. The now mutually exclusive Corolla and Sprinter names were used to differentiate between two slightly different treatments of sheet metal and trim. The Corolla Levin and Sprinter Trueno names were introduced as the enhanced performance version of the Corolla and Sprinter respectively when a double overhead camshaft version of the 2T engine was introduced in March 1972.

3. Third generation (E30, E40, E50, E60)
1978-1980 Toyota Corolla (KE55R) SE sedan 01
Third-generation Toyota Corolla
April 1974 brought rounder, bigger and heavier Corollas and Sprinters. The range was rounded out with the addition of a two-door liftback. The Corollas were given E30 codes while the Sprinters were given E40 codes. A face-lift in March 1976 saw most Corolla E30 models replaced by equivalent E50 models and most Sprinter E40 models were replaced by equivalent E60 models.

4. Fourth generation (E70)
Toyota Corolla E70 4 door sedan
Fourth-generation Toyota Corolla
A major restyle in March 1979 brought a square edged design. The Corollas had a simpler treatment of the grill, headlights and taillights while the Sprinter used a slightly more complex, sculptured treatment. The new A series engines were added to the range as a running change. This was the last model to use the K "hicam" and T series engines. Fuel injection was introduced as an extra cost option on Japanese market vehicles.

5. Fifth generation (E80)
Toyota Corolla 1985
Fifth generation Toyota Corolla.
A sloping front bonnet and a contemporary sharp-edged, no-frills style was brought in during May 1983. The new 1839 cc 1C diesel engine was added to the range with the E80 Series. From 1985, re-badged E80 Sprinters were sold in the U.S. as the fifth generation Chevrolet Nova. Fuel injection was introduced as an extra cost option internationally.

Most models now used the front wheel drive layout except the AE85 and AE86, which were to be the last Corollas offered in the rear wheel drive or FR layout. The AE85 and AE86 chassis codes were also used for the Sprinter (including the Sprinter Trueno). The Sprinter was nearly identical to the Corolla, differing only by minor body styling changes such as pop-up headlights.

6. Sixth generation (E90)
Toyota Corolla front 20071126
Sixth generation Toyota Corolla.
A somewhat more rounded and aerodynamic style was used for the E90 introduced in May 1987. Overall this generation has a more refined feel than older Corollas and other older subcompacts. Most models were now front wheel drive, along with a few 4WD All-Trac models. Many engines were used on a wide array of trim levels and models, ranging from the 1.3 liter 2E to the 165 horsepower (123 kW) supercharged 4A-GZE. The E90 Sprinter was also rebadged and sold as the Geo Prizm (US) or Holden Nova (Australia).

7. Seventh generation (E100)
1996-1999 Toyota Corolla (AE101R) CSi sedan (2011-06-15) 01
Seventh generation Toyota Corolla.
In June 1991 Corollas received a redesign to be larger, heavier, and have the completely rounded, aerodynamic shape of the 1990s. The Corolla was now in the compact class, rather than subcompact, and the coupe still available known as Corolla Levin AE101. Carburetors are no longer used internationally with this generation.

8. Eighth generation (E110)
98-00 Toyota Corolla LE
Eighth generation Toyota Corolla.
May 1995 saw a complete redesign for the Corolla. Evolutionary technological improvements continued[citation needed], however, and in 1998, for the first time, some non-Japanese Corollas received the new 1ZZ-FE engine[citation needed]. The new engine was the first in a Toyota to have an aluminum engine block and aluminum cylinder heads, which made this generation lighter than the E100 Corolla. The model range began to change as Toyota decided styling differences would improve sales in different markets. This generation was delayed in North America until mid 1997 (US 1998 model year), where it had unique front and rear styling[citation needed]. Europe and Australasia received versions of their own as well.

9. Ninth generation (E120, E130)
2003-2004 Toyota Corolla CE
Ninth-generation Toyota Corolla.
In November 2000, the ninth-generation Corolla was introduced in Japan, with edgier styling and more technology to bring the nameplate into the 21st century. It is also called the Corolla Altis in the ASEAN region. The station wagon model is called the Corolla Fielder in Japan. The North American release was delayed until March 2002 (2003 MY).

10. Tenth generation (E140, E150)
09 Toyota Corolla
Tenth-generation Toyota Corolla
The tenth generation of the Corolla was introduced in October 2006. Japanese markets called it the Corolla Axio, with the ASEAN markets retaining the Corolla Altis branding. The station wagon retains the Corolla Fielder name. The Corolla Altis and Corolla Axio have a different appearance. The North American release was delayed until January 2008 (2009 MY).

11. Eleventh generation (E160)
Eleventh-generation Toyota Corolla.
The eleventh generation of the Corolla went on sale in Japan in May 2012. The sedan is named the Corolla Axio while the wagon is called the Corolla Fielder. In Japan, both are made by a Toyota subsidiary, Central Motors, in Miyagi prefecture, Japan. The redesigned model has slightly smaller exterior dimensions and is easier to drive in narrow alleys and parking lots for the targeted elderly consumers.

The new Corolla Axio is available with either a 1.3-liter 1NR-FE or 1.5-liter 1NZ-FE four cylinder engines; front or all-wheel drive. Both 5-speed manual and CVT transmissions are offered. The 1.3-liter engine and all-wheel drive variants are available only with the CVT transmission. The Corolla Fielder is available with 1.5-liter 1NZ-FE or 1.8-liter 2ZR-FAE four cylinder engines mated with a CVT transmission. The 1.5-liter is available with front and all-wheel drive, the 1.8-liter is offered only in front-wheel drive.
Source: "History of the Corolla" by toyota.com


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