10 Líderes mais importantes da História

10 Most important Leaders of World

1. Pericles (495 BC - 429 BC)
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He was the most brilliant politician of ancient Greece. Exceptional orator and strategist, was then elected by the citizens of Athens as head of state. Under his leadership, Athens became the richest and most powerful Greek city-state. The Athenian also resulted in peak period of greatest artistic and intellectual production in Greece. Times were the birth of philosophy and construction of marble temples, such as those composed the Acropolis. The beauty and wisdom developed under the command of Pericles constituted a set of thoughts and artistic events that formed the cradle of Western civilization.

2. Alexander the Great (356 BC - 323 BC)
The teachings of ancient Greece would emerge one of the most impressive and ambitious leaders of all time, Alexander the Great. Taking Aristotle as tutor, the Macedonian Alexander became the 20-year-old king of Macedonia and Greece. Warrior brave, exceptional rider, brilliant strategist and charismatic leader, he began his military achievements against the Persians and did not stop until dominate the known world. His empire encompassed Greece, Egypt, Phoenicia, Babylon and Asia Minor. At a time in history, the Nile River to Siberia were all under the yoke of Alexander. But the known world was not enough and he set out to conquer India, performing one of his greatest military feats.

3. Julius Caesar (100 BC - 44 BC)
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Rome became the largest and most powerful empire of antiquity. Primarily responsible for this was Gaius Julius Caesar, an exceptional head of the Roman army who got his military victories so quickly that coined the famous phrase "vini, vidi, vinci" (I came, I saw, I conquered). He was responsible for one of the most difficult and important Roman conquests: Gaul (now France). After, Cleopatra seduced and brought ancient Egypt to the Roman Empire. As their military skills, he also had a sense exceptional administrative and thanks to him put order in Empire that needed a lot of it given its size and power.

4. Attila the Hun (406-453)
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The Middle Ages began when chaos took over and the Roman Empire began to be wiped off the map. Among those responsible for it were the Huns, warriors of short stature, yellow skin, slanted eyes and inseparable from their horses. Attila was the powerful king of this people. He led hordes of Huns in devastating attacks, in which pillaged and burned everything they found in their path. After not having more to plunder in the East, the Huns turned to a weakened Roman Empire. Attila led a massive army that conquered half the known world. He was a simple man, but intelligent and feared to the point of his name become synonymous with cruelty and barbarism for centuries.

5. Charlemagne - Carlos Magno (747-814)
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Few leaders knew accomplish military conquests and rule at the same time. One, and perhaps the most impressive in this sense, was Charlemagne, king of the Franks, Lombards and the first Emperor of the Western Roman Empire, whose restoration he led with his military conquests and political and administrative skills. King of the Franks, one of the most powerful duchies of Germany, he began his military conquest by France, then moved to Italy, where he gave land to the Pope, went to Spain, where expelled the Arabs, headed for Austria, defeating barbarians who had invaded and conquered the rest of Germany. Believing that the supreme guide of all Christians, Charlemagne proved to be a wise and powerful monarch. Valued the education of the people supported the arts and sciences. His reign was one of the few moments of prosperity in the European Middle Ages.

6. Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821)

You could say he was the last great conqueror in history. Born on the island of Corsica, which had just been sold to the French by the Genoese, Napoleon Bonaparte graduated from a military school in Paris and the French Revolution broke out when he became senior officer in a detachment reactions against counterrevolutionary. Appointed general led an unlikely conquest of Italy, leading an army without resources. After Italy, pressed the Austrian Empire to cede to France much of Germany. Strategist unusual, was loved by his soldiers and the French people. With a coup took power in France and began an expansionist campaign that did dominate most of Europe in the early 19th century. His empire was even greater than that of Charlemagne.

7. Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882-1945)

He was the only one to be elected president of the United States for four terms (1933-1945) and had to deal with two major crises of the 20th century: the Great Depression in the 1930s and World War II (1939-1945). In a century in which democracy has undergone its major tests, Roosevelt was an outstanding leader, that placed the United States as the largest economic and military power of the world and democracy did conquer the menace of Nazism, making the political system more admired the planet. Thanks to the leadership of Roosevelt showed that the democratic system may be a better response in times of severe economic and political crises, when the totalitarian temptation deceive whole nations.

8. Adolf Hitler (1889-1945)

He led an entire nation in the most dreadful adventures of the story (it is estimated that World War II was to balance almost 60 million dead). His tremendous ability to lead so demagogic and breathe hatred and radicalism in the German people made Hitler a symbol of pure evil of modern times. Enemy of all democratic ideals, he ironically rose to power from elections and coalitions in one of the most democratic periods of German history. A severe economic crisis in Germany in the '30s fomented the revolt sufficient for the population who saw the war as an output. Hitler knew how to be charismatic and ambitious enough to take advantage of that and make one of Nazi Germany's most powerful military empires in history.

9. Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948)

Fighting without weapons against what had been one of the greatest empires the world has been the mission of Mahatma Gandhi. With his philosophy of nonviolence and his passion for freedom he was an icon of the end of colonialism. Gandhi became the most prominent leader of the Indian independence movement against the British rule to promote a growing campaign of civil disobedience. Among the protests were led to the boycott of British goods and combating unfair treatment for persons who were in the lowest caste in the Hindu social system. One of the most common methods of protest Gandhi was the hunger strike, which proved an effective weapon as the British government was very much afraid that his death would lead to a violent uprising.

10. Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968)

His campaign against segregation and his struggle for civil rights has transformed the United States and served as an example to other struggles for racial equality worldwide. Just as Gandhi, Martin Luther King used the philosophy of non-violence to fight for black civil rights in the United States, a country then with a series of segregation laws. His arrest during a protest in 1960, which resulted in intervention for his release made by then presidential candidate John F. Kennedy gave the King and his fight a national projection. Three years later he led what was the most striking manifestation of civil rights in U.S. history: the march on Washington that attracted more than 200 000 people, including Bob Dylan and various artists, political leaders, and religious leaders. It was during this protest march that King made his famous speech "I Have a Dream".


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