10 + 2 Geração do Ford F-Series

10 + 2 Generation of Ford F-Series

1. First generation (1948–1952)
1950 Ford F3
1950 F-3The first F-Series truck (known as the Ford Bonus-Built) was introduced in 1948 as a replacement for the previous car-based pickup line introduced in 1941. The F-Series was sold in eight different weight ratings, with pickup, panel truck, cab-over engine (COE), conventional truck, and school bus chassis body styles. 

2. Second generation (1953–1956)
1954 Ford F-100 Red
1954 F-100The second generation trucks were given their now familiar names: The F-1 became the F-100, the F-2 became the F-250, and the F-3 became the 1-ton F-350. 

3. Third generation (1957–1960)
1960 Ford F-500 stake truck black fr
1960 F-500For the third generation, Ford started its tradition of distinguishing the two types of pickup boxes; the traditional separate-fender body was called FlareSide, while a new smooth-sided look was known as StyleSide. The cabover F-Series was discontinued, having been replaced by the tilt-cab C-Series .
In 1959, Ford began in-house production of four-wheel drive trucks.

4. Fourth generation (1961–1966)
1965 Ford F100 Pick Up
1965 F-100Ford introduced a new style of truck, unibody trucks, integrating the cab and the box; this was produced until 1963.

In 1965, the F-Series began to offer a 4-door crew cab as an option. Additionally that year, the Ranger name made its first appearance on a Ford truck; previously a base model of the Edsel, it was now used to denote a high-level styling package for F-Series pickups. A new chassis also marked the first appearance of Twin I-Beam front suspension.

5. Fifth generation (1967–1972)
1968 Ford F-Series
1968 F-250 CustomIn 1967, along with a minor update, the F-Series changed the Ranger from an option package to a separate trim level. In response to federal regulations, Ford added a number of exterior lights in 1968 and made some changes to the interior controls.

6. Sixth generation (1973–1979)
Ford F-250 Ranger
F-250 RangerThe changes for the sixth generation were largely cosmetic; Ford made several year-to-year changes, with significant grill redesign at 1977 1/2 and rectangular headlights being introduced for 1978 models. More substantial introductions included the addition of front disc brakes. On four-wheel drive models, the front suspension was now equipped with coil springs on the half-ton models. To increase passenger room, the cab was lengthened three inches. For those wanting a rear passenger seat in a smaller truck than a crew cab, the SuperCab was introduced in 1974.

In 1975, the F-150 was introduced in between the F-100 and the F-250; eventually, it would replace the former as the standard F-Series model. For 1978, the Bronco was redesigned; much like the contemporary Chevrolet Blazer, it was now a shortened version of the four-wheel drive F-Series.

7. Seventh generation (1980–1986)
Ford-F150
F-150 XLThe 1980 F-Series was redesigned with an all-new chassis and larger body; this was the first ground-up redesign since 1965. While similar to the previous generation, the exterior of the trucks was redone to improve aerodynamics and fuel economy. Medium-duty F-Series (F-600 and above) were also redesigned; although they shared the cab of the smaller pickup trucks, the largest version of F-Series now wore a front hood with separate front fenders (like the L-Series ).

In a move towards fuel effiency, the F-Series gained smaller Windsor V8 engines from the Panther platform . For 1982 the 3.8L Essex V6 was the base engine but was quickly dropped for the 1983 model year. In 1983, Ford added diesel power to the F-Series through a partnership with International Harvester (later Navistar ). The 6.9L V8 produced similar power output as the gasoline Ford 351 V8, with the fuel economy of the 300 I6.

A noticeable change was made to the F-Series in 1982 as the Ford "Blue Oval" was added to the center of the grille. It would mark the final year of the Ranger trim; the name had been shifted onto the all-new compact pickup developed as a replacement for the Courier. It also marked the final year for the F-100, which had largely been superseded by the F-150.

1986 marked the final year that the F150 was available with a 3 speed manual transmission that shifted via a steering column lever (3-on-the-tree). Incidentally, this was the last vehicle in the United States that offered this set up.

8. Eighth generation (1987–1991)
Ford F-350 crew cab -- 09-26-2009
F-350 crew cabAn upgrade of the 1980 platform, the eighth-generation F-Series saw aerodynamic changes to the front clip to improve fuel efficiency. The styling was simplified; composite headlights were separated from the grille. For the first time, the front bumper was integrated into the bodywork instead of being an add-on part. Crew-cab models now had full-width windows in their rear doors. Under the hood, fuel injection (introduced in 1986) replaced carbureted engines completely by 1988.

After many years of losing sales to the StyleSide version, Ford quietly dropped the FlareSide bed as an option. To bridge the gap between the F-350 and the medium-duty F-600, the F-Super Duty was introduced in 1987. The Super Duty was fitted with a suspension that allowed for a higher GVWR; it also came with only the 7.5L V8 or the 7.3L diesel V8. Intended for commercial use, it was available only as a chassis-cab model. Also a lowers style ride height on some base models.

9. Ninth generation (1992–1996)
Ford F-150 XL Reg. Cab
F-150 XLThe 1980 F-Series underwent a major cosmetic update for the 1992 model year; again, many of the exterior updates focused on increasing its aerodynamics. The update also brought the F-Series in line with the Ranger and Explorer stylistically. SuperCab models of this generation are distinguished by single (instead of twin) side windows for the rear seat. In 1994, an update added an airbag to the F-Series to the first time. The same year, the medium-duty trucks received their first exterior update since 1980; this integrated the turn signals and grille.

Dormant since 1987, the FlareSide bed returned for 1992. Instead of the traditional pickup bed seen before, the new FlareSide borrowed much of its rear bodywork from the dual rear-wheel F-350. For 1993, Ford introduced the SVT Lightning; powered by a modified 5.8L V8 and including modifications to the suspension, the Lightning was sold through 1995.

10. Tenth generation (1997–2004)
Ford F-250 XL Regular Cab
F-250 XLIntroduced early in 1996, the 1997 F-150 was redesigned from the ground up for the first time since 1980. Rounded styling allowed for improved aerodynamics, a larger interior, and improved fuel economy. Sharing a V6 engine with the Taurus/Windstar and its V8 engine with the Crown Victoria, the F-150 received an all-new engine lineup. To improve rear-seat access, a third door was added to SuperCab models; in 1999, SuperCabs became four-doors. For 2001, the SuperCrew crew cab was added; it combined the larger seat of a crew cab with a slightly shortened rear cargo bed.

This generation of the F-Series marked the split of the F-150 from heavier-duty trucks. In 1999, after a two-year hiatus, the F-350 was reintroduced as the Super Duty ; the Super Duty model included the F-250 through the F-550 (the latter being a chassis-cab model). In a joint venture with International , Ford redesigned the medium-duty F-Series , now part of the Super Duty lineup; the B-Series bus chassis was discontinued.

For 2001 and 2002, this version of the F-150 was sold by Lincoln-Mercury dealers as the Lincoln Blackwood . The first Lincoln pickup truck, the Blackwood was an F-150 SuperCrew with Lincoln Navigator front bodywork and interior; the bed was covered by a powered tonneau.

11. Eleventh generation (2004–2008)
Ford F150 FX4 2004
2004 F150 FX4For the 2004 model year, the F-150 was redesigned on an all-new platform . Externally similar to its predecessor, the eleventh-generation wore sharper-edged styling; a major change was the adoption of the stepped driver's window from the Super Duty trucks. Regardless of cab type, all F-150s were given 4 doors.

In 2008, the Super Duty trucks were also given an an all-new platform . While using the same bed and cab as before, these are distinguished from their predecessors by an all-new interior and a much larger grille and headlights. Previously available only as a chassis-cab model, the F-450 now was available as a pickup truck directly from Ford.

From 2005 to 2008, this version of the F-150 was sold as the Lincoln Mark LT .

12. Twelfth generation (2009–present)
2009 Ford F-150 XLT SuperCrew
2009 F150 XLT SuperCrew
The current-generation F-150 was introduced for the 2009 model year as a major update of the Ford full-size truck platform . These trucks are distinguished by their Super Duty-style grilles and headlights; standard cab models again have two doors instead of four. The FlareSide bed was dropped along with the manual transmission; outside of Mexico, the Lincoln Mark LT was replaced by the F-150 Platinum. A new model for 2010 included the SVT Raptor, a dedicated off-road truck.

As part of a major focus on fuel economy, the entire engine lineup for the F-150 (excluding the SVT Raptor) was updated for the 2011 model year. Along with two new V8 engines, the F-150 gained a twin-turbocharged 3.5L V6, dubbed EcoBoost by Ford. The automatic transmission is the only option. Other modifications include the addition of electric-assisted power steering on most models. This Electronic Power Assisted Steering is an advanced system which increases efficiency and driver control.
Source: wikipedia.org and corporate.ford.com

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