10 + 2 Mais Antigas Mesquitas do Mundo

10 + 2 Oldest Mosques in the World
The designation of the oldest mosque in the world requires careful use of definitions, and must be divided into two parts, the oldest in the sense of oldest surviving building, and the oldest in the sense of oldest mosque congregation. Even here, there is the distinction between old mosque buildings that have been in continuous use as mosques, and those that have been converted to other purposes; and between buildings that have been in continuous use as mosques and those that were shuttered for many decades. In terms of congregations, they are distinguished between early established congregations that have been in continuous existence, and early congregations that ceased to exist.

1. Quba Mosque - Medina, Saudi Arabia (622)
Masjid al-Quba

Denomination: Sunni 
Notes: Oldest mosque site, but building largely rebuilt in late 20th century.

2. Al-Masjid al-Nabawi - Medina, Saudi Arabia (622)
Mescidi nebevi
Denomination: Islam 
Notes: Site of pilgrimage. Contains Muhammad's tomb. Largely rebuilt and greatly enlarged in late 20th century, whilst retaining at its heart the earlier construction of the Ottomans, and landmark green dome.

3. Masjid al-Qiblatain - Medina, Saudi Arabia (623)
Al-Qiblatin Mosque
Denomination: Sunni 
Notes: Mosque of the two Qiblas

4. Old Jumma Masjid Of Kilakarai or Baadhan Masjid of qum or Pattanam - Kilakarai, India (628)
Jumma Masjid
Denomination: Sunni 
Notes: Constructed by the Yemeni Merchants and trade settlers of pre Islamic period in pandiya kingdom ordered by Baadhan (Bazan ibn Sasan) Governor of Yemen at the time of Muhammad (PBUH), after they accepted Islam in (625-628)AD. This mosque was rebuilt in 11th Century after saheed war. Its the oldest mosque of India. Bazan Ibn Sasan, Tamim Ibn zayd al ansari, Ibnu Batutah, Nagoor Abdul Cadir , ervadi Ibrahim Sahib, Sultan of ottoman Murad and other most famous islamic scholars visited this mosque and Ibnu batutah said in his travel notes "its the place of where most arab settlers live and he surprised to see them living as in arab land".

5. Jawatha Mosque - Al-Kilabiyah, Saudi Arabia (629)
Jwatha Mosk
n/a (defunct)

6. Masjid al-Haram - Mecca, Saudi Arabia (638)
Kaaba mirror in Al-Haram Mecca
Denomination: Islam 
Notes: Site of Haj pilgrimage and direction (Qibla) of Muslim formal prayers; rebuilt many times, notably 1571 by the Ottomans and late 20th century by Saudis, further radical enlargement under way since 2010.

7. Great Mosque of Kufa - Kufa, Iraq (639)
Mosk of Kufa
Denomination:  Shia

8. Mosque of Uqba - Kairouan, Tunisia (670)
Kairouan's Great Mosque of Uqba
Denomination: Sunni 
Notes: Rebuilt in 800s

9. Cheraman Juma Masjid - Kodungallur, India (629)
Cheraman jumamasjid
Denomination: Sunni 
Notes: Locally considered to be the first mosque of India; reliability of sources unclear

10. Imam Hussain Mosque - Karbala, Iraq (680)
Kerbela Hussein Moschee
Denomination:  Shia
Notes: Reconstructed several times, including in 1016

11. Al-Aqsa Mosque - Jerusalem (705)
Denomination: Sunni

12. Al-Zaytuna Mosque - Tunis, Tunisia (709)
Denomination: Sunni

Source: wikipedia.org

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