10 + 2 Maiores Edifícios da Igreja em todo o Mundo

10 + 2 Largest Church Buildings in the World
The term church is open to interpretation and debate. In this article, it means any building that was built for the primary purpose of Christian worship, for any recognised denomination of Christianity. This includes every cathedral (the seat of a bishop), basilica, and other type of church. It does not include temples of other religions, such as mosques, synagogues, and so on. It does include at least one building, Hagia Sophia, that was built as a church and later became a mosque (it is now a museum).


Whilst claims are made about the relative size of churches many of these claims are not easily substantiated. "Largest" is at best a vague term, which is often not qualified by claimants. Accepted measures of largeness could include area, volume, length, width, height, and/or capacity, although the last is far more subjective. It is important to note therefore that churches may claim to be "the largest" based on only one of these measurements; and thus that there may be several churches that have equal claim to be the "nth-largest church". Since there is no official body governing these claims, there is no generally accepted criterion for being "the largest church".

The lists below attempt to rank churches by different (more-or-less) objective criteria, and thus may generate different orders depending on the measure used. Churches for which claims are made but dimensions cannot be found are not included on the below lists.

For length, width and height, there is usually a definitive statistic for each church, which can easily be compared. However, for area and volume, the situation is often more complex. It is often possible to find multiple values quoted for the area/volume of a church in references. Many values appear to be estimates or approximations (especially for volume), or may have been calculated by multiplying lengths, widths and heights. In the latter case, the exact dimensions used (internal vs. external, etc.) may give very different figures. Therefore, although area and volume are the most common 'largeness' measures, they are also apt to be the least reliable. This should be borne in mind when comparing church sizes.

1. St. Peter's Basilica - Vatican City, Vatican City (1506–1626)

Petersdom von Engelsburg gesehen.jpg

Area in m²: 20,139[1] (interior 15,160) 
Gross volume in m³: 1,200,000
Denomination: Roman Catholic 
Comment: Area can be verified on a plan printed as 205% size in 1:1000 scale to match a 41.47 m dome internal diameter.

Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Aparecida - Aparecida Brazil (1955)
Santuario Nacional de Aparecida.jpg
Area in m²: 12,000 
Gross volume in m³: 1,200,000
Denomination: Roman Catholic 
Comment: Dimensions of the church given as 173m x 168m, yielding a maximum area of 29,000 m². If the volume is indeed similar to St. Peter's, as quoted (see above), then an area nearer that of St. Peter's would be likely.

Seville Cathedral - Seville, Spain (1520)
Area in m²: 11,520
Gross volume in m³: >500,000
Denomination: Roman Catholic

Cathedral of Saint John the Divine - New York, United States (unfinished)
Area in m²: 11,200
Gross volume in m³: 480,000
Denomination: Episcopalian (Anglican) 
Comment: Unfinished, lacking transepts among other components.

Milan Cathedral - Milan, Italy (1386–1965)
Area in m²: 10,186
Gross volume in m³: 440,000
Denomination: Roman Catholic 
Comment: According to Touring Club Italiano, 11,700 m². Old source says 8,406 m².

Basilica of Our Lady of Licheń - Licheń Stary, Poland (1994–2004)
Licheń bazylika 2.JPG
Area in m²: 10,090 
Gross volume in m³: 300 000
Denomination: Roman Catholic 
Comment: 9240 m² – enclosed main floor incl. transept and apse, 290 m² – enclosed tower floor, 560 m² – open tower and gallery floor (530 m² – porticos excluded); 23,000 m² – total area incl. main, ground & other floors.

Liverpool Cathedral - Liverpool, United Kingdom (1978)
Area in m²: 9,687
Denomination: Church of England (Anglican) 
Comment: Largest Anglican cathedral and church in Europe.

Church of the Most Holy Trinity - Fátima, Portugal (2007)
Area in m²: 8,700
Gross volume in m³: 130,000
Denomination: Roman Catholic 
Comment: Area given as 12,000m² in thetimes.co.uk

Basilica-Cathedral of Our Lady of the Pillar - Zaragoza, Spain (1681–1872)
Basilica del Pilar ZaragozaAragon(Spain).jpg
Area in m²: 8,318
Denomination: Roman Catholic

Cathedral of Saint Sava - Belgrade, Serbia (2003)
Sveti Sava in Belgrade.JPG
Area in m²: 8,162
Gross volume in m³: 170 000
Denomination: Orthodox

Basilica of the Sacred Heart - Koekelberg, (Brussels) Belgium (1970)
Basilica of the Sacred Heart retouched.jpg
Area in m²: 8,000
Denomination: Roman Catholic

Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe - Mexico City, Mexico (1974–1976)
Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe (new).JPG
Area in m²: 8,000
Denomination: Roman Catholic 
Comment: The basilica has a circular base. Dimensions given as 102 meter in diameter, yielding an area of 8,167 m².

Source: wikipedia.org


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