10 Maiores Águias no Mundo

10 Largest Eagles in the World
Eagle belong to several genera that are not necessarily closely related to each other. Most of the more than sixty species occur in Eurasia and Africa. Outside this area, just eleven species can be found - two species (the Bald Eagle and Golden Eagle) in the United States and Canada, nine species in Central America and South America, and three species in Australia.
Eagles have been used by many nations as a national symbol.

Note: There are several rankings of the largest eagles in the world, however the average define themselves in: Total Length, Median Wing span and Body mass. Listed here are the averages for these body structure eagle as a bird in a tree inn boasts a position of power that commands respect.
However, in any case, officially these eagles are among the largest eagles in the world.

1.Stellars Sea Eagle
Stellars Sea Eagle.jpg
Steller's Sea-eagle is the biggest bird in the genus Haliaeetus and is one of the largest raptors overall. Females typically weigh from 6.8 to 9 kilograms (15 to 20 lb; 1.07 to 1.4 st), while males are rather lighter with a weight range from 4.9 to 6 kilograms (11 to 13 lb; 0.77 to 0.94 st). At its average weight, the Steller's outweighs both the average Harpy and the average Philippine Eagles by over 0.5 kilograms (1.1 lb; 0.079 st). The Steller's Sea Eagle's length can range from 85 to 105 cm (33 to 41 in). The wingspan is from 1.95 to 2.5 m (6.4 to 8.2 ft) and the wing chord measurement is 57–68 cm (22–27 in). The Steller's sea eagle has the second largest median wingspan of any eagle. Both the wing chord and wingspan, at an average of 2.13 m (7.0 ft), are similar or slightly smaller than to those of the Steller's close relative, the White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla), which is rather smaller in both weight and total length. As in most Haliaeetus eagles, the tarsus and the tail in this species are relatively short compared to other very large eagles at 9.5–10 cm (3.7–3.9 in) and 32–34.5 cm (13–13.6 in) in length, respectively. The bill is very large. In fact, the skull (at around 14.6 cm (5.7 in)) and the culmen (at around 7 cm (2.8 in)) of the Steller's Sea Eagle are the largest of any eagle and are comparable in size to those of the largest accipitrids, the Old World vultures.

2. Harpy Eagle
Harpia harpyja.jpg
Harpy Eagles are 86.5–107 cm (2 ft 10 in–3 ft 6 in) long and have a wingspan of 176 to 224 cm (5 ft 9 in to 7 ft 4 in). Among the standard measurements, the wing chord measures 54–63 cm (1 ft 9 in–2 ft 1 in), the tail measures 37–42 cm (1 ft 3 in–1 ft 5 in), the tarsus is 11.4–13 cm (4.5–5.1 in) long and the exposed culmen from the cere is 4.2 to 6.5 cm (1.7 to 2.6 in).

3. Wedge-Tailed Eagle
The female Wedge-tailed Eagle weighs between 3 and 5.77 kg (6.6 and 12.7 lb), while the smaller males weigh 2 to 4 kg (4.4 to 8.8 lb). Length varies between 81 and 106 cm (32 and 42 in) and the wingspan typically is between 182 and 232 cm (6 ft 0 in and 7 ft 7 in). In 1930, the average weight and wingspans of 43 birds was 3.4 kg (7.5 lb) and 204.3 cm (6 ft 8 in).[4] The same average figures for a survey of 126 eagles in 1932 were 3.63 kg (8.0 lb) and 226 cm (7 ft 5 in), respectively.

4. Philippine Eagle
Pithecophaga jefferyi.jpg
The Philippine Eagle is typically reported as being 86–102 cm (2 ft 10 in–3 ft 4 in) long, but a survey at several of the largest natural history collection in the world found that the average was 95 cm (3 ft 1 in) for males and 105 cm (3 ft 5 in) for females.For adult Philippine Eagles, the complete weight range has been reported as 4.7 to 8 kg (10 to 18 lb), while others have found that the average was 4.5 kg (9.9 lb) for males and 6 kg (13 lb) for females. It has a wingspan of 184 to 220 cm (6 ft 0 in to 7 ft 3 in) and a wing chord length of 57.4–61.4 cm (22.6–24.2 in). 

5. Bald Eagle
The Bald Eagle has a body length of 70–102 centimeters (28–40 in). Typical wingspan is between 1.8 and 2.3 m (5.9 and 7.5 ft) and mass is normally between 3 and 6.3 kilograms (6.6 and 14 lb). Females are about 25 percent larger than males, averaging 5.6 kg (12 lb), and against the males' average weight of 4.1 kg (9.0 lb). The size of the bird varies by location and generally corresponds with Bergmann's rule, since the species increases in size further away from the Equator and the tropics. The smallest specimens are those from Florida, where mature males may weigh as little as 2.3 kg (5.1 lb) and have a wingspan of 1.68 m (5.5 ft). Similarly small, eagles from South Carolina average 3.27 kg (7.2 lb) in mass and 1.88 m (6.2 ft) in wingspan. The largest eagles are from Alaska, where large females may weigh up to 7.5 kg (17 lb) and span 2.44 m (8.0 ft) across the wings. Among standard linear measurements, the wing chord is 51.5–69 cm (20.3–27 in), the tail is 23–37 cm (9.1–15 in) long, and the tarsus is 8 to 11 cm (3.1 to 4.3 in). The culmen reportedly ranges from 3 to 7.5 cm (1.2 to 3.0 in), while the measurement from the gape to the tip of the bill is 7–9 cm (2.8–3.5 in).

6. Golden Eagle
The Golden Eagle is a large, dark brown raptor with broad wings. Its size is variable: it ranges from 66 to 102 cm (26 to 40 in) in length and it has a typical wingspan of 1.8 to 2.34 m (5.9 to 7.7 ft). In the largest race (A. c. daphanea) males and females weigh 4.05 kg (8.9 lb) and 6.35 kg (14.0 lb). In the smallest subspecies (A. c. japonensis), the sexes weigh, respectively, 2.5 kg (5.5 lb) and 3.25 kg (7.2 lb). In the species overall, males average around 3.6 kg (7.9 lb) and females average around 5.1 kg (11 lb). The maximum size of this species is a matter of some debate, although the normal upper weight limit for a large female is around 6.8 kg (15 lb) and large races are the heaviest representatives of the Aquila genus.

7. Martial Eagle
Martial Eagle.jpg
The Martial Eagle is a very large eagle, with a length of 78–96 cm (31–38 in), weight of 3–6.2 kg (6.6–14 lb) and a wingspan of 188–260 cm (6 ft 2 in–8 ft 6 in). Among standard measurements, the wing chord is 56–67.5 cm (22–26.6 in), the tail is 27.2–32 cm (10.7–13 in), the tarsus is 9.7–13 cm (3.8–5.1 in). This is the largest eagle in Africa and is the fifth heaviest (on average) eagle in the world.

8. Crowned Eagle
The Crowned Eagle is 80–99 cm (31–39 in) long with a wingspan of1.51–1.81 m (5.0–5.9 ft). The female, at a weight of 3.2–4.7 kg (7 lb 0.9 oz–10 lb 6 oz), is around 10–15% larger than the male, at a weight of 2.55–4.12 kg (5 lb 10 oz–9 lb 1 oz). It, on average, weighs less and has a smaller wing-span than the often sympatric Martial Eagle, its average total length exceeds that of the Martial Eagle thanks to its much longer tail, at 30–41 cm (12–16 in). This eagle has relatively short, broad and rounded wings, with the wing chord measuring 44.5–53.2 cm (17.5–20.9 in) for added manoeuvrability in its environment. The tarsus is of moderate length for a raptor of its size, at 8.5–10.3 cm (3.3–4.1 in), but the talons are heavy, strong and powerful.

9. Verreaux’s Eagle or Black Eagle

Verreaux's Eagle (Aquila verreauxii), alternatively known as the Black Eagle (leading to confusion with the Asian Black Eagle), is a large bird of prey. This eagle lives in hilly and mountainous regions of southern and eastern Africa (extending marginally into Chad), and very locally in Western Asia. The name commemorates the French naturalist Jules Verreaux, who visited southern Africa in the early 18th century.It measures 75 to 96 cm (30 to 38 in) long. Males weigh 3 to 4.2 kg (6.6 to 9.3 lb) and females weigh 3.1 to 5.8 kg (6.8 to 13 lb). It has a wingspan of 1.81 to 2.2 m (5.9 to 7.2 ft). It is black with a distinct white V marking on its back. Juveniles are usually light and dark brown with a black face. Structurally, it is very similar to the Golden Eagle of the Northern Hemisphere, and the Wedge-tailed Eagle of Australia.

10. White-tailed Eagle

The White-tailed Eagle is a very large bird. It measures 66–94 cm (26–37 in) in length with a 1.78–2.45 m (5.8–8.0 ft) wingspan. The wingspan, with a midpoint of 2.18 m (7.2 ft), is on average the largest of any eagle. The Steller's Sea Eagle, larger in both weight and total length, is the closest rival for median wingspan amongst living eagles. The Bald Eagle is roughly the same size as the White-tailed Eagle, although has a shorter average wingspan and usually longer total length, due to a longer tail. Females, typically weighing 4–6.9 kg (8.8–15 lb), are slightly larger than males, which weigh 3.1–5.4 kg (6.8–12 lb). The record weight for the species was 7.5 kg (17 lb) for a specimen from Scotland, while a more recent huge female from Greenland reportedly spanned 2.53 m (8.3 ft) across the wings. Among standard measurements, the wing chord is 55.2–71.7 cm (21.7–28.2 in), the tail is 25–33 cm (9.8–13 in), the tarsus is 9.2–10.1 cm (3.6–4.0 in) and the exposed culmen is 6–6.5 cm (2.4–2.6 in). The measurements of eagles from Greenland are in general larger than in other populations of the species. The White-tailed Eagle is sometimes considered the fourth largest eagle in the world and is on average the fourth heaviest eagle in the world.

Source: wikipedia.org


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