10 Maiores Bancos do Mundo (2012)

10 Largest Banks in the World (2012)
Banks’ sizes vary according to their market capital.

10. Commonwealth Bank of Australia - Sydney, Australia
The Commonwealth Bank of Australia is an Australian multinational bank with businesses across New Zealand, Fiji, Asia, USA and the United Kingdom. Commonly referred to as the Commonwealth Bank (or Commbank), it provides a variety of financial services including retail, business and institutional banking, funds management, superannuation, insurance, investment and broking services. The Commonwealth Bank is now the second largest Australian listed company on the Australian Securities Exchange as of January 2008 with brands including BankWest, Colonial First State Investments Limited, ASB Bank (New Zealand), Commonwealth Securities Limited (CommSec) and Commonwealth Insurance Limited (CommInsure).Founded in 1911 by the Australian government, the Commonwealth Bank is one of the 'big four' Australian banks, with National Australia Bank (NAB), ANZ and Westpac. The bank listed on the Australian Stock Exchange in 1991 and the government fully privatised it in 1996.

9. Citibank, N.A. - New York, U.S.
Citibank, one of the major international banks, is the consumer banking arm of financial services giant Citigroup. Citibank was founded in 1812 as the City Bank of New York, later First National City Bank of New York. As of March 2010, Citigroup is the third largest bank holding company in the United States by total assets, after Bank of America and JPMorgan Chase.Citibank has retail banking operations in more than 160 countries and territories around the world. More than half of its 1,400 offices are in the United States, mostly in New York City, Chicago, Los Angeles, the San Francisco Bay Area, Washington, D.C. and Miami. More recently, Citibank has expanded its operations in the Boston, Philadelphia, Houston, and Dallas metropolitan areas.
In addition to the standard banking transactions, Citibank offers insurance, credit cards and investment products. Their online services division is among the most successful in the field claiming about 15 million users.
As a result of the global financial crisis of 2008–2009 and huge losses in the value of its subprime mortgage assets, Citibank was rescued by the U.S. government under plans agreed for Citigroup. On November 23, 2008, in addition to initial aid of $25 billion, a further $25 billion was invested in the corporation together with guarantees for risky assets amounting to $306 billion. Since this time, Citibank has repaid its government loans in full.

8. Itaú Unibanco Holding S.A. - São Paulo, Brazil
Itaú Unibanco is a Brazilian publicly quoted bank with headquarters in São Paulo, Brazil. The bank is the result of the merger of Banco Itaú and Unibanco, which occurred on November 4, 2008 to form Itaú Unibanco Holding S.A, the largest financial conglomerate in the Southern Hemisphere and is the 10th largest bank in the world by market value. The bank is listed at the BM&F Bovespa in São Paulo and in NYSE in New York. Currently is the second biggest Brazilian bank by assets, after Banco do Brasil.Itaú Unibanco owns the Redecard, the second largest Brazilian card payment company. Itaú Unibanco accounts for about 11% of the Brazilian market for retail banking services. It has operations in Argentina, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay in South America, as well as in England, Luxembourg and Portugal in Europe, USA, Japan, China, Hong Kong and UAE in Asia. It is the most important subsidiary of Investimentos Itaúsa, a large conglomerate that ranks among Fortune magazine's top 500 corporations in the world. The bank has offices in Asuncion, Buenos Aires, Cayman Islands, Dubai, Hong Kong, Lisbon, London, Luxembourg, Montevideo, Nassau, New York, Santiago, Shanghai and Tokyo On August 22, 2009, Itaú Unibanco and insurance company Porto Seguro disclosed that they had entered into an alliance.
The alliance aims to combine their residential and automobile insurance operations and includes an Operating Agreement under which the alliance will have exclusive access to offer and distribute homeowner and auto insurance products to clients of Itaú Unibanco's branch network in Brazil and Uruguay (“Alliance”). Currently the bank has over 5,000 bank branches and ATMs in Brazil and in the world.

7. Bank of China (BOC) - Beijing, China
Zhōngguó Yínháng; often abbreviated as 中银 or 中行) is one of the big four state-owned commercial banks of the People's Republic of China. It was founded in 1912 by the Government of the Republic of China, to replace the Government Bank of Imperial China. It is the oldest bank in China. From its establishment until 1942, it issued banknotes on behalf of the Government of the Republic of China along with the "Big Four" banks of the period: the Central Bank of China, Farmers Bank of China and Bank of Communications. Although it initially functioned as the Chinese central bank, in 1928 the Central Bank of China replaced it in that role. Subsequently, BOC became a purely commercial bank. Its headquarters are in Xicheng District, Beijing.In December 2010, the Bank of China New York branch began offering RMB products for Americans. It was the first major Chinese bank to offer such a product.

6. JP Morgan Chase - New York, U.S.
JPMorgan Chase & Co. is an American multinational banking corporation of securities, investments and retail. It is the largest bank in the United States by assets. It is a major provider of financial services, with assets of $2 trillion and according to Forbes magazine is the world's second largest public company based on a composite ranking. The hedge fund unit of JPMorgan Chase is one of the largest hedge funds in the United States. It was formed in 2000, when Chase Manhattan Corporation merged with J.P. Morgan & Co.[5]The J.P. Morgan brand is used by the investment banking as well as the asset management, private banking, private wealth management and treasury & securities services divisions. Fiduciary activity within private banking and private wealth management is done under the aegis of JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A.—the actual trustee. The Chase brand is used for credit card services in the United States and Canada, the bank's retail banking activities in the United States, and commercial banking. The corporate headquarters are in 270 Park Avenue, Midtown, Manhattan, New York City, New York, and the retail and commercial bank is headquartered in Chase Tower, Chicago Loop, Chicago, Illinois, United States.

5. Agricultural Bank of China (ABC) - Beijing, China
Zhōngguó Nóngyè Yínháng, also known as AgBank or 农行, is one of the "Big Four" banks in the People's Republic of China. It was founded in 1951, and has its headquarters in Beijing. It has branches throughout mainland China, Hong Kong, London, Tokyo, New York, Frankfurt, Sydney, Seoul, and Singapore.ABC has 320 million retail customers, 2.7 million corporate clients, and nearly 24,000 branches. It is China's third largest lender by assets. ABC went public in mid-2010, fetching the world's biggest ever initial public offering (IPO). 

4. HSBC Holdings plc - London, United Kingdom
HSBC Holdings plc (commonly known as HSBC) is a British multinational banking and financial services company headquartered in London, United Kingdom. As of 2012, it was the world's third-largest bank and sixth-largest public company, according to a composite measure by Forbes magazine.HSBC is a universal bank and is organised within four business groups: Commercial Banking; Global Banking and Markets (investment banking); Retail Banking and Wealth Management; and Global Private Banking. It has around 7,200 offices in 85 countries and territories across Africa, Asia, Europe, North America and South America, and around 89 million customers. As of 31 March 2012 it had total assets of $2.637 trillion, of which roughly half were in Europe, the Middle East and Africa, and a quarter each in Asia-Pacific and the Americas.
HSBC Holdings plc was founded in London in 1991 by The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation to act as a new group holding company and to enable the acquisition of UK-based Midland Bank. The origins of the bank lie in Hong Kong and Shanghai, where branches were first opened in 1865. Today, HSBC remains the largest bank in Hong Kong, and recent expansion in mainland China, where it is now the largest international bank, has returned it to that part of its roots.
HSBC has a primary listing on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index. As of 6 July 2012 it had a market capitalisation of £102.7 billion, the second-largest of any company listed on the London Stock Exchange. It has secondary listings on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange (where it is a constituent of the Hang Seng Index), the New York Stock Exchange, Euronext Paris and the Bermuda Stock Exchange.

3. Wells Fargo - New York, U.S.
Wells Fargo & Company (NYSE: WFC) is an American multinational diversified financial services company with operations around the world. In 2011, Wells Fargo was the 23rd largest company in the United States. Wells Fargo is headquartered in San Francisco, California, but has major "hubquarters" in other cities throughout the country.In 2007 it was the only bank in the United States to be rated AAA by S&P,[6] though its rating has since been lowered to AA- in light of the financial crisis of 2007–2012. The firm's primary U.S. operating subsidiary is national bank Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., which designates its main office as Sioux Falls, South Dakota.
Wells Fargo in its present form is a result of an acquisition of San Francisco-based Wells Fargo & Company by Minneapolis-based Norwest Corporation in 1998 and the subsequent 2008 acquisition of Charlotte-based Wachovia. Although Norwest was technically the surviving entity in the 1998 merger, the new company renamed itself Wells Fargo, capitalizing on the 150-year history of the nationally recognized name and its trademark stagecoach. Following the acquisition, the company transferred its headquarters to Wells Fargo's headquarters in San Francisco and merged its operating subsidiary with Wells Fargo's operating subsidiary in Sioux Falls.
In 2012, Wells Fargo had more than 9,000 retail branches and 12,198 automated teller machines in 39 states and the District of Columbia. It has over 270,000 employees and over 70 million customers.

2. China Construction Bank (CCB) - Beijing, China
Zhōngguó Jiànshè Yínháng; often abbreviated as 建行; is one of the 'big four' banks in the People's Republic of China. In 2011 CCB was the second largest bank in the world by market capitalization and 13th largest company in the world. The bank has approximately 13,629 domestic branches. In addition, it maintains overseas branches in Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Johannesburg, New York, Seoul, Singapore, Tokyo,Melbourne, and Sydney, and a wholly owned subsidiary in London. Its total assets reached 8.7 trillion RMB in 2009.

1. Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) - Beijing, China

Zhōngguó Gōngshāng Yínháng, more commonly just 工行 Gōngháng is the largest bank in the world by profit and market capitalization. It is one of China's 'Big Four' state-owned commercial banks (the other three being the Bank of China, Agricultural Bank of China, and China Construction Bank). It was founded as a limited company on January 1, 1984. As of March 2010, it had assets of RMB 12.55 trillion (US$1.9 trillion), with over 18,000 outlets including 106 overseas branches and agents globally. In 2011, it ranked number 7 on Forbes Global 2000 list of worlds biggest public companies.

Source: wikipedia.org

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