10 Melhores Tarantulas de estimação para Amadores

10 Best Tarantula for hobbyists
If you are new to the hobby and wonder what specie you should get, you are in the right place. However, before you read on, let me remind you: respect the Tarantula. All Tarantulas are venomous and some can cause serious medical consequences with their bites. This post is based on experience and research. I shall not be held responsible for any harm and/or negative consequences (to anyone and/or anything) resulting directly and/or indirectly from this article.
Really hope you can choose a good Tarantula that will grow your interest in the hobby.
Note: All sizes are leg span size.

10. Pterinochilus murinus (Orange Baboon Tarantula)
Pterinochilus murinus.jpgThese spiders are not common in pet stores, but are very popular in the pet trade. They need a 10 to 15 gallon tank. These spiders build a funnel shaped web, and need 15 to 20 cm of bedding. Feed them crickets, cockroaches, and grasshoppers. Though they can kill small vertebrates(mice, small lizards, birds, snakes). Be cautious of overfeeding, as this causes a tarantula's organs to not develop properly and thus cutting their life short. Avoid beetles and beetle larvae (superworms, mealworms, etc.)
These spiders are attractive, but are normally very aggressive and have one of the worst bites of all tarantula species, having been known to have a bite more painful than that of a rattlesnake. Although their venom may not kill a human, it is advised to avoid handling this species.
This species is found on the African continent, in Angola, as well as central, eastern, and southern Africa.
Female P. murinus can grow to 4–6 inches in size (measured from the tip of the front left leg, to the rear right leg), while males typically range from 3–4 inches.

9. Brachypelma albopilosum (Curly Hair Tarantula)
Brachypelma.albopilosum.female.jpgB. albopilosum is frequently kept and bred in captivity. They feed readily on commercially available crickets and cockroaches. They are typically docile. Females are long-lived, potentially reaching 15 years of age.
Its native range includes Central America, from Honduras to Costa Rica.

8. Grammostola rosea (Chilean Rose Hair Tarantula)
Grammostola rosea adult männlich.jpg
Gramostola rosea are relatively docile, low maintenance, and inexpensive, so they are popular as pets. A terrarium should be at least triple the spiders' legspan in length, with a retreat for hiding. G. rosea can be kept in relatively low humidity; overflowing the water dish one or two times a week should provide ample humidity for this species. They are quite happy living at temperatures of around 25-30°C (77-86 fahrenheit), with a diet of four to six crickets every three weeks (or one locust per week). The G. rosea's feeding schedule is rather erratic, however; the spider can fast for weeks to months at a time. Fasting is sometimes an indication of an upcoming moult.
Grammostola rosea are usually skittish, running away from danger rather than acting defensively, but they may also raise their front legs and present their fangs in preparation to defend themselves. They can act especially defensive for days after moulting; this may be innate in the spiders behavior. As with the majority of tarantulas from the Americas (New World tarantulas), they have small spine-like urticating hairs on their abdomen that they kick off or release when threatened as a defense.
Natural habitat is the desert and scrub regions of Northern Chile, Bolivia, and Argentina.
G. rosea is a common pet of tarantula rearers. Females have been known to live as long as 15–20 years, but due to the limited time they have been available on the market (and hence for extensive study) it is possible that they may live considerably longer than 20 years.

7. Brachypelma vagans (Mexican Red Rump Tarantula)
Brachypelma vagans (Mexican Red Rump).jpgB. vagans is frequently kept and bred in captivity. They feed readily on commercially available crickets, cockroaches and other insects of suitable size. They are typically docile, though they can be skittish and prone to releasing urticating hairs. Females are long-lived, potentially reaching 15 years of age.
They can grow to a 5 inch leg span, with males typically being smaller and thinner than the females.
It ranges predominantly in Mexico, but can be found as far south as Belize, El Salvador, and Guatemala.

6. Lasiodora difficilis (Brazilian Fire Red Tarantula)
Spiderlings eat pinhead crickets, and other small insects. Adults eat crickets, other large insects, small lizards, pinkie mice, and an occasional fuzzy mouse. May drink from a shallow, wide water dish.
Not very aggressive, will use threat pose, but will seldom attack.Very seldom kick urticating hairs.
Is natural of Brazilian tropical Florest.

5. Brachypelma smithi (Mexican Red Knee Tarantula)
Brachypelma smithi 2009 G09.jpg
Like most New World tarantulas, they will kick urticating hairs from their abdomens and their back legs if disturbed, rather than bite. They are only slightly venomous to humans and are considered extremely docile, though, as with all Tarantulas, allergies may intensify with any bite.
They carve deep burrows into soil banks, which keeps them protected from predators, like the White-nosed Coati, and enables them to ambush passing prey. The females will spend the majority of their lives in their burrows. The burrows are typically located in or not far from vegetation and consists of a single entrance with a tunnel leading to one or two chambers. The entrance is just slightly larger than the body size of the spider. The tunnel, usually about three times the tarantula's leg span in length, leads to a chamber which is large enough for the spider to safely molt in. Further down the burrow, via a shorter tunnel, a larger chamber is located where the spider will rest and eat its prey. When the tarantula needs privacy, e.g. when molting or laying eggs, the entrance is sealed with silk sometimes supplemented with soil and leaves.
An adult female has a body roughly 4 inches long, with a leg span of 6 inches, and a mass of approximately 15 grams. Both sexes are similar in appearance, with the male having a smaller body, but longer legs. Though the male is of comparable size to the female, the male has a much smaller mass.
The Mexican redknee grows very slowly and matures relatively late. This species can live 20–30 years.

4. Chromatopelma cyaneopubescens (Greenbottle Blue Tarantula)

In captivity, this tarantula regularly renews the webbing of its burrow, commonly filling the entire container. It feeds frequently and is a fast-grower. While many are skittish and nervous, some individuals are calm and docile, though running very quickly when disturbed. Some, when disturbed, are very possessive and show threat displays guarding their burrows.
They are very active, fast-growing and particularly attractive to tarantula hobbyists.
Native of the Paraguaná peninsula, Venezuela, has some of the most dramatic coloring of any spider species. Adult greenbottles have metallic blue legs, a blue-green carapace and a vibrant orange abdomen.

3. Acanthoscurria geniculata (Brazilian Giant White Knee Tarantula)
AcanthoscurriaGeniculata10L.jpgWhiteknee tarantulas have been much prized as pets, due to their size, hardiness, and striking colouration. They are moderately defensive, and their urticating hairs can be quite irritating to human skin. These spiders, like many un-domesticated pets, can bite when provoked. Fortunately because they have urticating hairs, biting is typically not their first line of defense. Their venom is not considered medically significant, but due to their large size the puncture damage can be extensive.
Is a species of tarantula native to forests of Brazil. It is commonly referred to as the whiteknee tarantula, giant whiteknee tarantula, giant white knee tarantula or Brazilian giant whiteknee tarantula as a homage to its brilliant black and white banded legs. This is a large species, fast growing and taking up to 3–4 years to reach a mature legspan of 8.5 inches for females, slightly less for males.

2. Grammostola pulchripes (Chaco Golden Knee Tarantula)
One of the larger species of tarantula, the Chaco golden knee, formerly known by Grammostola aureostriata, can be expected to reach between 20–22 cm (8.5 in). The Chaco Golden Knee tends to be one of the more docile and calm species of tarantula and therefore makes an attractive first pet. The Chaco is an opportunistic burrowing terrestrial tarantula: they tend to burrow while younger and adopt a pre-existing hide as its home when it begins to mature. It is quite flashy in appearance, bearing long light-colored hairs all over its body and gold stripes on its legs, particularly at the "knees". This is a good display species as it often sits in plain view. When it was first imported into the pet trade, it was thought to be a variant of the Pink zebra beauty species, but it is significantly larger and can easily be distinguished by those familiar with both species.

1. Lasiodora parahybana (Brazilian Salmon Pink Tarantula)
They are popular as pets in the tarantula keeping hobby today, although not recommended for beginners, as they are fast, large, and will possibly kick urticating bristles if aggravated. Not quick to bite, however, this species is considered somewhat 'handleable' in the hobby, but its fangs (in adults and sub-adults), which often reach up to one full inch, are capable of medically significant mechanical damage.
These arachnids can be kept quite easily in a terrarium that measures at three times its leg span in length but not too high as a fall can kill this tarantula due to its size. This tarantula loves a humid environment, thriving at relative humidities of between 65–80%. However the keeper should be aware that mold can form at very high humidities, so good ventilation (especially cross ventilation) is crucial.
Is a relatively large spider originating from northeastern Brazil, hence its common name. This spider typically grows to a leg span of 20 cm (8 in), although occasionally exceptional specimens can reach leg spans of 25 cm (10 in, with 11.5 inch specimens recorded). Large females can weigh upwards of 100 grams. This tarantula is one of the largest in the world, often cited as the second or third largest (after the Theraphosa blondi). In the wild the Brazilian salmon pink tarantula has even been known to prey on some small snakes.
The species was discovered and first described in 1917 by zoologist Cândido Firmino de Mello-Leitão in the vicinities of the city of Campina Grande, Paraíba, where it is endemic.

Source: wikipedia.org and several other sites specializing in tarantulas.


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