10 Maiores Aves do Mundo (em envergadura)

10 Largest Birds on the World ( in Wingspans)
The following is a list of the ten longest WINGSPANS of living species. Note that this is not a list by bird mass or body size. Some of these wingspans will truly amaze you!
Note: This ten list has slight ambiguity due to natural variation among bird sizes in the wild. There may be other bird species with similar wingspans, these are simply the species.

Example: The distance A to B is the wingspan of this Aer Lingus Airbus A320.

10. Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)

Wingspan: 8.2 feet (2,5 meters)
Golden eagles are majestic and powerful hunters of the Northern Hemisphere and are one of the largest eagles in the world. Although they are powerful enough to kill a large deer, they most often hunt small mammals such as rabbits, ground squirrels, and prairie dogs. Golden eagles are the National Emblem of Mexico.

9. Grey Crowned Crane (Balearica regulorum)

Wingspan: 8.2 feet (2.5 meters)
The grey crane is an inhabitant of the dry savannahs in Africa. They have an elaborate courtship display which involves dancing, bowing, and jumping. An elegant bird that is only found south of the Sahara desert.

8. California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus)

Wingspan: 9.1 feet (2.8 meters)
The California Condor is one of the rarest birds in the world. Pushed to the brink of extinction, they are now slowly and steadily increasing in numbers with the aid of some excellent captive breeding programs. They are the largest flying bird in North America and feed on carrion. The number of California Condors was reduced dramatically by poisoning, both intentionally by farmers and unintentionally by the use of lead shot to hunt animals. Lead poisoning as a result of scavenging rendered many of these birds infertile.

7. Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus)

Wingspan: 9.2 feet (2.8 meters)
This is a massive vulture which measures over three feet from beak to tail. It hunts for carrion by soaring high in the sky, either singly or in large groups. These birds inhabit the mountainous parts of Southern Europe, North Africa, and Asia. It breeds on high cliff edges - this is not a bird that's scared of heights! Noted as being a highly social species, these birds often nest in colonies of more than 100 pairs, with some colonies estimated to contain up to 1,000 birds.

6. Bearded Vulture (Gypaetus barbatus)

Wingspan: 9.8 feet (2.99 meters)
The Latin binomial for this species literally means "bearded vulture-eagle" and it is aptly named. This is a massive and majestic species! Sometimes known as the Lammergeier vulture. Unlike most vultures, this species does not have the characteristic bald head. It inhabits the crags in the high mountains of Europe, India, Pakistan, Africa, and Tibet. Like most vultures, they eat mostly carrion which they locate by sight while soaring high in the air. Amazingly, a bearded vulture has been reported by an airplane pilot at an elevation of 24,000 feet!

5. Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus)

Wingspan: 9.8 feet (3 meters)
Some of the heaviest flying birds are our swans -- in the US the heaviest flying bird is the Trumpeter Swan, but the Whooper Swan is an elegant bird that winters in northern Europe and eastern Asia. They may fly hundreds of miles to reach breeding grounds in subarctic Eurasia. These birds are powerful flyers, despite weighing 18-44 pounds (8-20 kilograms)! They have a very deep call and are truly a remarkable bird to witness in flight.

4. Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus)

Wingspan: 11 feet (3.4 meters)
This is a magnificent and humungous bird! These massive vultures spend the days soaring on updrafts in the Andean Mountains of South America. Most of its diet consists of carrion, but unlike most vultures, these birds will kill small to medium sized mammals as well. They do not reach maturity until they are around eight years old and can live 50 to 60 years in the wild. Males are larger than females and can weigh over 30 pounds. A remarkable sight when soaring!

3. Marabou Stork (Leptoptilos crumeniferus)

Wingspan: at least 11 feet (3.4 meters)
These unusual scavengers are a frequent sight on the African plains feeding on carrion alongside vultures. These impressive birds inhabit both wet and arid habitats south of the Sahara. They are often called "undertaker birds" because of their habits. They are gregarious and colonial breeders. They can weigh up to 20 pounds and can reach a height of 60 inches. Although they usually eat carrion, they will also eat small mammals, birds, and nestlings.

2. Great White Pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus)

Wingspan: 11.8 feet (3.6 meters)
These are large and distinct birds that inhabit the eastern Mediterranean to Vietnam and South Africa. Like all pelicans, these birds are adapted to aquatic life. They have webbed feet and feed on many fish per day, but like most birds are opportunistic feeders. They are known for forming huge aggregations, including a colony of around 75,000 in Tanzania. Please note that this is not the American White Pelican, which inhabits the states.

1. Wandering Albatross (Diomedea exulans)

Wingspan: 11.11 feet (3.63 meters)
A Wandering Albatross (Diomedea exulans) caught in 1965 had a wingspan of 3.63 metres (11 ft 11 in), the official record for a living bird.
These are amazing and majestic birds. They spend their entire lives at sea and only come ashore to reproduce every other year. The Wandering Albatross breeds on South Georgia Island, Crozet Islands, Kerguelen Islands, Prince Edward Islands, and Macquarie Island. Although the largest confirmed report was around 12 feet, there have been accounts of Wandering Albatross wingspans as large as 17 feet across. Such long wings enable these birds to glide effortlessly over the ocean for hours at a time without flapping its wings. Its body length can reach close to five feet in length. Unfortunately, these majestic birds have declined by more than 30% in 70 years with their biggest threat being long line fishing practices. However, pollution, especially from plastic is also taking its toll. Adults unknowingly feed their chicks bits of plastic they find floating in the ocean, causing a slow death for the unfortunate.

Source: wikipedia.org and squidoo.com


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