10 + 2 Curiosidades sobre o Xadrez

10 + 2 Facts about the Chess

1. 
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The first recorded Chess Championship held in Madrid in 1575. Polerio Giulio and Giovanni Leonardo defeated Ruy Lopez and Alfonso Ceron in a series of games organized by King Philip II.

2. 
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Chess, Music and Mathematics are the only sectors of human activity that are no known cases of child prodigies.

3.
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In the 1980s, the former USSR, twice a player Chess was elected athlete of the year, especially among practitioners of all other sports. They were: Anatoli Karpov (1981) and Garry Kasparov (1985).

4.

Chess is the only sport in which a woman could win a championship in a mixed competition against men. It is the Hungarian Judit Polgar champion, considered the best player of all time.

5.

Chess is the only sport that allows a person to face many opponents at the same time, in terms of approximate equality.

6.

According to the President of FIDE (Fédération Internationale Des Echecs), there are currently about 500 million people playing chess. FIDE is the third largest sporting institution in the world, behind only the institution that organizes the Olympic Games and the International Federation of Football - the most popular sport in the world.

7.

Chess is compulsory school subject in Romania and grades in mathematics depend on 33% performance in Chess.

8.
"Capablanca"
In the 1920s, the Cuban Jose Raul Capablanca was considered a machine to play chess. His style was almost perfect. No other losses suffered as few as him. Rare masters could beat Capablanca, and only a single and unique time: Botvinnik, Euwe, Keres, Reshevsky, Reti, Janowsky, Rubinstein ... More rare were still players who managed the feat of triumphing over Capablanca more than once. In fact, only four teachers reached this crowning glory: Alekhine, Lasker, Spielmann and Marshall.

9.

The the longest game of chess ever played by top ranking players had 269 movements Ivan Nikolic and Goran Arsovic in Belgrade in 1989. Lasted more than 20 hours, and resulted in a draw.

10.

It is said that there is more literature devoted to chess than for all other remaining games together.

11.


The word "checkmate" comes from the Persian phrase "Shah Mat," which means "the king is dead".

12.
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Leonardo Torres y Quevedo, the Spaniard who invented the first computer game
In the nineteenth century, Quevedo, had the ambition to replace the human mind by machines and therefore developed a series of mechanical devices to replace algebraic equations. One of his inventions was the "El Ajedrecista" the chess player, a machine that could tackle a human player in a chess game fully automatically.
The machine was created in 1912 and calculated the movements of the game, but also had mechanical arms that moved the pieces on the board, a version that was later replaced by a magnetic board.

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