10 Maiores Povos Indígenas do Brasil

10 Largest Indigenous Peoples of Brazil
The Indian Day (Indian Day was born in 1940 Interamerican Congress), April 19, was created by President Getúlio Vargas by decree 5540 of 1943, are to commemorate 70 years since the Brazilian indigenous population has tripled in the last two decades, from 294,000 in 1991 to 817 , 9000, according to data from Census 2010 released in 2012, which consider both the residents on Indian lands (demarcated) as the Indians declared out of them.

Perhaps many do not know, but Brazil is full of Indians who still live the culture of their ancestral peoples. Many tribes live away from cities, live in hollow without appliances, furniture, electricity or any other technology we know of nature and take everything they need for sustenance and survival, from food, clothing and objects, tools for hunting and fun.
With a vast territory like the Amazon Rainforest there are still many Isolated Tribes, non-contacted peoples, and based on this the Brazil surpassed New Guinea as the country with the largest number of uncontacted peoples in the world.

1. Tikúna (Ticuna)

This tribe has about 46,045 Indians in the country and dwells currently the border between Peru and Brazil. According to oral history reported by the Ticuna, they were Indians who inhabited the land and the headwaters of streams. They lived in constant warfare with other tribes and villages Ticuna. The first contacts with non-Indians dating from the late seventeenth century, when Spanish Jesuits from Peru, led by Father Samuel Fritz, began to found several villages along the Solimoes River, these settlements that correspond to the current municipalities of São Paulo Olivença , Amaturá, Fonte Boa and Tefé.

2. Guarani Kaiowá (Guaraní)

With about 43,401 Indians, the Guarani are one of the ethnic groups most documented of all time and one of the most representative indigenous groups in the Americas. Their traditional territories occupy a broad region of South America covering Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay and the south-central portion of the Brazilian territory. They are called people (plural) because its large population is divided into several ethnic subgroups and each has specific dialect, cultural and cosmological, thereby differentiating their way to be of Guarani too.

3. Caingang (Kaingang, Kanhgág, Guayanas, coroados, bugres, botocudos, camés e xoclengues)

The Caingangues are an indigenous people of southern Brazil. Their culture developed in the shade of pine (Araucaria brasiliensis). There are at least two centuries, its territorial extension comprises the area between the Tietê River (São Paulo) and Ijuí River (north of Rio Grande do Sul). Currently, about thirty Caingangues occupy small areas, distributed over its former territory in the southern Brazilian state of São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul, with a population of approximately 37,470 Indians.

4. Makuxí

Totaling about 28,912 Indians and Indigenous occupy a vast area (1 million and 678 thousand hectares) in northern Amazonia and Roraima state, close to the border with Guyana. They are spread across several communities, long sedentary and familiar contacts with whites, who are dedicated to agriculture and cattle ranching. Inhabitants of a border region, the Macuxi are facing at least since the eighteenth century, adverse situations because of non-indigenous occupation in the region - primarily by forced migrations and settlements, then by advancing fronts extractive and ranchers and more recently, by the presence of miners and the proliferation of squatters on their land.

5. Terena

The Terena are a Brazilian indigenous group, consisting of some 28,845 Indians who possess the culture of planting and have a great degree of integration with the surrounding society. They live mainly in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul (Indigenous Areas Aldeinha, Buriti, Golden, Lalima, Green Lemon, Nioaque, Pilade Rebuá, Taunay / Ipegue and Indigenous Lands Clean Water and Cachoeirinha, west of the Indian Reserve Kadiwéu in Indigenous Area Umutina Miranda and east of the river). They can also be found within the Brazilian state of São Paulo (Indigenous Areas and Araribá Icatu). Moreover, lie still on the left upper Paraguay River, Mato Grosso and the north of this state.

6.Guajajara (Teneteara or Tenetehára)

The Guajajaras inhabit eleven indigenous lands on the east bank of the Amazon, all located in Maranhão and its population reaches approximately 24,428 Indians. Its history of over 380 years of contact was marked by both approaches with whites as refusals by total submissions, revolts and great tragedies. The revolt of 1901 against the Capuchin missionaries was to answer the last "war against the Indians" in Brazil's history. They were also known to many people as the Brazilian "bowl of steel" for making excellent tools for the job.

7. Yanomámi

The Yanomami Indians are inhabiting Brazil and Venezuela. In Brazil there are about 21,982 Yanomami Indians and villages occupy the vast mountainous region of the border with Venezuela in an area of ​​9,419,108 hectares continuous. A major invasion of the territory prospecting Yanomamo occurred in the period from 1987 to 1992 in which an estimated 1,500 deaths from occurring between this indigenous population. The Yanomami indigenous land was approved on 25 May 1992.

8. Potiguara

The potiguaras ("caramão eaters") are an indigenous group inhabiting the coastal states of Paraíba, Rio Grande do Norte and Ceará, when the Portuguese and other European peoples arrived in Brazil and today number about 20,554 Indians. Nowadays they live in the northern Brazilian state of Paraíba, along the border of the cities of Rio Tinto, Bay of Treason and Mark (in the Indigenous Potiguara, Indigenous Alligator São Domingos and Indigenous Potiguara Monte-Mor) and Ceará, in the municipalities of Crateús (in the Indigenous Mount Nebo); Monsignor Tabosa and monkfish (Indigenous Land Potigatapuia (New World and Viração Sierra or the Bushes). Several descendants of the tribe of potiguares adopted, to be submitted to Christian baptism, last name Shrimp.

9. Xavante

The Xavante are an indigenous group inhabiting the eastern Brazilian state of Mato Grosso. Currently, its population is 19,259 people and growing. A'wê Uptabi call themselves, which means "real people". Painting with jenipapo, coal and annatto, take the eyebrows and eyelashes, use strings on the wrists and legs and tie ceremonial cotton. The haircut and the adornments and paintings are markers of difference Xavante towards others, transmitted through the corners by the ancestors and shared with all the people of the village.

10. Pataxó
Two Pataxo indians (Brasília, 04 April 2006).jpeg
The pataxós are an indigenous people with about 13,588 people and Indians are typical of South America spite of expressing themselves in English, some groups retain their original language, teaching it to younger ones. In 1990, the Pataxó were about 1600. They live mostly in the Indigenous Barra Velha Monte Pascoal, south of the city of Porto Seguro, less than a mile from the coast, between the mouths of rivers and Caraíva Corumbau. The territory between the two rivers, the sea east to west and Monte Pascoal is recognized by Pataxó as their traditional lands. They cover an area of ​​20,000 hectares.

11. Sateré-Mawé
Population: 13,310 Indians.

12. Mundurukú
Population: 13,103 Indians.

Wake the Indian in you!

Source: ibge.gov.br and blog.maisestudo.com.br


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