10 + 3 Países com mais Presos no Mundo

10 + 3 Countries with more prisoners in the World
Prison Population Totals.
It is estimated that at least 10.1 million people are currently imprisoned worldwide. It is probable that this number is much higher, in view of general under-reporting and a lack of data from various countries, especially authoritarian regimes.
The United States currently has the world's largest prison population. In 2012, the United States prison population was estimated at over 2.3 million prisoners, meaning 1 in every 100 American adults are in a prison. The cost of these prisons was then estimated at $74 billion per year.
If observers of prisons can agree upon one fact, it is that American prisons are overcrowded at the moment. In the United States, as of 2009, California had 158,000 inmates in prisons that were designed to hold 84,000. The result was that almost 14,000 inmates were sleeping in very tight spaces, or in hallways or on floors. Prisons all over the nation are overcrowded, and people are being incarcerated at an increasing rate, whereas the new prisons cannot be built fast enough.
Note: a. Facts on North Korean incarceration rates are difficult to come.
           b. Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners).

1. United States of America

2,239,751
In 2011 (U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics - 735,601 in local jails at 30.6.2011, 1,504,150 in state or federal prisons at 31.12.2011, including state prisoners in private facilities)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population): 716
Based on an estimated national population of 312.72 million at end of 2011 (U.S. Census Bureau)

2. China

1,640,000
In mid-2012 (Ministry of Justice - sentenced prisoners in Ministry of Justice prisons only, excluding pre-trial detainees and those held in administrative detention.) The Deputy Procurator-General of the Supreme People's Procuratorate reported in 2009 that, in addition to the sentenced prisoners, more than 650,000 were held in detention centres In China. If this is still correct in April 2012 the total prison population in China is more than 2,300,000.
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population): 121
Based on an estimated national population of 1.35 billion at mid-2012 (from United Nations figures) - sentenced prisoners in Ministry of Justice prisons only. (A total prison population of 2,300,000 would raise the prison population rate to 170 per 100,000 of the national population.)

3. Russian Federation

697,800 
In 1.3.2013 (national prison administration)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population): 487
Based on an estimated national population of 143.2 million at March 2013 (from Russian State Statistics Committee figures)

4. Brazil

549,577
In June 2012 (national prison administration - 508,357 in prison system, 41,220 in police facilities).
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population): 276
Based on an estimated national population of 198.9 million at June 2012 (from CELADE figures).

5. India

372,296
In 31.12.2011 (National Crime Records Bureau).
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population): 30
Based on an estimated national population of 1,239.2 million at end of 2011 (from United Nations figures).

6. Thailand

262,077
In 3.4.2013 (national prison administration).
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population): 373
Based on an estimated national population of 70.27 million at beginning of April 2013 (from United Nations figures).

7. Mexico

242,754
In 31.1.2013 (national prison administration).
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population): 209
Based on an estimated national population of 116.4 million at end of January 2013 (from 2010 Census figures).

8. Iran

217,000
In 25.12.2012 (national prison administration).
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population): 284
Based on an estimated national population of 76.4 million at December 2012 (from Statistical Centre of Iran figures).

9. Indonesia

151,723
In mid-2012 (national prison administration, via Asian and Pacific Conference of Correctional Administrators).
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population): 62
Based on an estimated national population of 244.8 million at mid-2012 (United Nations).

10. South Africa

149,959
In 31.10.2012 (national prison administration).
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population): 286
Based on an estimated national population of 52.4 million at end of October 2012 (from Statistics South Africa figures).

11. Ukraine
144,491
In 1.3.2013 (national prison administration).
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population): 320
Based on an estimated national population of 45.2 million at beginning of March 2013 (from Eurostat figures).

12. Vietnam
130,180
In mid-2012 (national prison administration, via Asian and Pacific Conference of Correctional Administrators - including 115,030 sentenced).
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population): 145
Based on an estimated national population of 89.7 million at mid-2012 (United Nations).

13. Turkey
127,284
In 15.3.2013 (national prison administration).
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population): 168
Based on an estimated national population of 75.93 million at March 2013 (from Eurostat figures).

Source: prisonstudies.org (ICPS-International Centre for Prison Studies), and wikipedia.org 

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