10 Maiores ilhas artificiais do Mundo

10 Largest artificial Islands in the World
Country or Emirate, according to their size.

1. Flevopolder, Netherlands
File:Satellite image of Flevopolder, Netherlands (5.48E 52.43N).png
Size (km²): 970
Utilisation: towns, agriculture
In 1969, the Flevopolder in the Netherlands was finished, as part of the Zuiderzee Works. This island consists of the polders Eastern Flevoland and Southern Flevoland, and has a total land surface of 970 km², which makes it by far the largest artificial island in the world.

2. Yas Island, Abu Dhabi
File:Yas Marina Circuit + Ferrari World -Abu Dhabi.jpg
Size (km²): 25
Utilisation: Yas Marina Circuit
Dubai is home to several artificial islands projects. They include the six Palm Islands projects (The World, Palm Jumeirah, Palm Jebel Ali, The Universe, Dubai Waterfront, and Palm Deira). Also, the Burj Al Arab is on its own artificial island. The Universe, Palm Jebel Ali, Dubai Waterfront, and Palm Deira are on hold.

3. Kansai International Airport, Japan
File:Kix aerial photo.jpg
Size (km²): 10.5
Utilisation: Airport
Kansai International Airport is the first airport to be built completely on an artificial island in 1994, followed by Chūbu Centrair International Airport in 2005 and the New Kitakyushu Airport and Kobe Airport in 2006.

4. Hong Kong International Airport, China
File:A bird's eye view of Hong Kong International Airport.JPG
Size (km²): 9.38
Utilisation: Airport
When Hong Kong International Airport opened in 1998, 75% of the property was created using Land reclamation upon the existing islands of Chek Lap Kok and Lam Chau.

5. Palm Jebel Ali, Dubai
File:Palm Jebel Ali on 8 May 2008 Pict 3.jpg
Size (km²): 8
Utilisation: (on hold)

6. Chūbu Centrair International Airport, Japan
File:Chubu Central Airport aerial view.jpg
Size (km²): 6.8
Utilisation: Airport

7. Palm Jumeirah, Dubai
File:Palm Island Resort.jpg
Size (km²): 6.5
Utilisation: housing
Only the Palm Jumeirah is inhabited so far.

8. Rokko Island, Japan
File:Rokko Island, aerial view.jpg
Size (km²): 5.8
Utilisation: housing

9. Port Island, Japan
File:PortIslandCloseup 2003262.jpg
Size (km²): 5.2
Utilisation: housing

10. Uros floating Island, Peru and Bolivia
Size (km²): (constantly growing)
Utilisation: towns, agriculture
The Uros, a group of 44 artificial islands made of floating reeds (totora, a reed that abounds in the shallows of the lake). These islands have become a major tourist attraction for Peru, drawing excursions from the lakeside city of Puno. Their original purpose was defensive, and they could be moved if a threat arose. Many of the islands contain watchtowers largely constructed of reeds.
The Uros do not reject modern technology: some boats have motors, some houses have solar panels to run appliances such as televisions, and the main island is home to an Uros-run FM radio station, which plays music for several hours a day.
Early schooling is done on several islands, including a traditional school and a school run by a Christian church. Older children and university students attend school on the mainland, often in nearby Puno.

Source: wikipedia.org


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