10 Cidades mais antiga do Mundo

10 Oldest City in the World
This is a list of present-day cities by the time period over which they have been continuously inhabited.
The age claims listed are generally disputed and may indeed be obsolete. Differences in opinion can result from different definitions of "city" as well as "continuously inhabited" and historical evidence is often disputed.
Several cities listed here (Balkh, Byblos, Damascus, and Jericho) each popularly claim to be "the oldest city in the world". Caveats to the validity of each claim are discussed in the "Notes" column.
Note: There not follows an enumeration.

File:Bab Touma Gate Damascus.jpg
Bab Touma Gate Damascus
Historical region: Levant
Country: Syria
Continuously inhabited since: Chalcolithic
Notes: Damascus is often claimed to be the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world, and evidence exists of a settlement in the wider Barada basin dating back to 9000 BC. However, within the area of Damascus, there is no evidence for large-scale settlement until the 2nd millennium BC.

Byblos (Jubayl)
File:Old streets.jpg
Old streets in Byblos Historic Quarter
Historical region: Levant
Country:  Lebanon
Continuously inhabited since: Chalcolithic (5000 BC or earlier)
Notes: Settled from the Neolithic (carbon-dating tests have set the age of earliest settlement around 7000), a city since the 3rd millennium BC. Byblos had a reputation as the "oldest city in the world" in Antiquity (according to Philo of Byblos).

Alleyway inside the Old Souks
Historical region: Levant
Country:  Lebanon
Continuously inhabited since: 4000 BC
Notes: There is evidence that Sidon was inhabited from as long ago as 4000 BC, and perhaps, as early as Neolithic times (6000 – 4000 BC).

Faiyum (as Crocodilopolis or Arsinoe, ancient Egyptian: Shediet)
File:Faiyum Oasis by Zorbey Tunçer.jpg
Scenic view of Faiyum Oasis
Historical region: Lower Egypt
Country: Egypt
Location: Faiyum Governorate, Egypt
Continuously inhabited since: c. 4000 BC

File:Gaziantep 1250774.jpg
Detail from an arched passage in Antep
Historical region: Anatolia
Country: Turkey
Location: Southeastern Anatolia, Turkey
Continuously inhabited since: c. 3650 BC
Notes: Although most modern scholars place the Classical Antiochia ad Taurum at Gaziantep, some maintain that it was located at Aleppo. Furthermore, that the two cities occupy the same site is far from established fact. Assuming this to be the case, the founding date of the present site would be about 1000 BC.

Dwelling foundations unearthed at Tell es-Sultan in Jericho
Historical region: Levant
Country: Palestine
Location: Palestinian territories
Continuously inhabited since: Chalcolithic (3000 BC or earlier)
Notes: Traces of habitation from 9000 BC. Fortifications date to 6800 BC (or earlier), making Jericho the earliest known walled city.
Archaeological evidence indicates that the city was destroyed and abandoned several times (sometimes remaining uninhabited for hundreds of years at a time), with later rebuilding and expansion.

File:Kuh-e Safaiyeh.JPG
Kuh-e Safaiyeh
Historical region: Media
Country: Iran
Continuously inhabited since: 3000 BC
Notes: A settlement at the site goes back to the 3rd millennium BC. Rey (also Ray or Rayy) is mentioned in the Avesta (an important text of prayers in Zoroastrianism) as a sacred place, and it is also featured in the book of Tobit.


Traces of an old Beirut
Historical region: Levant
Country: Lebanon
Continuously inhabited since: 3000 BC

File:Jerusalem 08.08.2011 10-56-23.JPG
Traces of an old Jerusalem
Historical region: Levant
Country: Israel
Continuously inhabited since: 2800 BC

File:Roman Hippodrome in Tyre, Lebanon.jpg
Hippodrome in Tyre
Historical region: Levant
Country: Lebanon
Continuously inhabited since: 2750 BC

Source:  wikipedia.org


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