10 Observatórios permanentes mais altos no Mundo

10 Highest permanent observatories in the World
This is a list of the highest astronomical observatories in the world, considering only ground-based observatories and ordered by elevation above mean sea level. The list includes only permanent observatories with facilities constructed at a fixed location. For large observatories with numerous telescopes at a single location, only a single entry is included listing the main elevation of the observatory or of the highest operational instrument.

1. University of Tokyo Atacama Observatory (TAO)

Elevation: 5,640 m (18,500 ft)
Observatory Site: Cerro Chajnantor
Location: Atacama Desert, Chile
Established: 2009
Type of Observatory: Optical, infrared

2. Chacaltaya Astrophysical Observatory
File:Obsevatorio Astrofísico de Chacaltaya.JPG
Elevation: 5,230 m (17,160 ft)
Observatory Site: Chacaltaya
Location: Andes, Bolivia
Established: 1946
Type of Observatory: Cosmic ray, gamma ray

3. James Ax Observatory

Elevation: 5,200 m (17,030 ft)
Observatory Site: Cerro Toco
Location: Atacama Desert, Chile
Established: 2011
Type of Observatory: Microwave
Major Instruments: POLARBEAR

4. Atacama Cosmology Telescope
File:Atacama cosmology telescope toco.jpg
Elevation: 5,190 m (17,030 ft)
Observatory Site: Cerro Toco
Location: Atacama Desert, Chile
Established: 2007
Type of Observatory: Microwave

5. Llano de Chajnantor Observatory
File:ALMA first fringes at Chajnantor.jpg
Elevation: 5,104 m (16,745 ft)
Observatory Site: Llano de Chajnantor
Location: Atacama Desert, Chile
Established: 1999
Type of Observatory: Millimeter wave, submillimeter
Major Instruments: ALMA, APEX, QUIET

6. Llano de Chajnantor Observatory
File:Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment 01.jpg
Elevation: 4,800 m (15,750 ft)
Observatory Site: Pampa La Bola
Location: Atacama Desert, Chile
Established: 2002
Type of Observatory: Submillimeter
Major Instruments: ASTE, NANTEN2

7. Large Millimeter Telescope
File:GTM imagen.JPG
Elevation: 4,580 m (15,030 ft)
Observatory Site: Sierra Negra
Location: Puebla, Mexico
Established: 2006
Type of Observatory: Microwave
Note: It is the world's largest and most sensitive single-aperture telescope in its frequency range, built for observing radio waves in the wave lengths from approximately 0.85 to 4 mm. It has an active surface with a diameter of 50 metres and 2000 m² of collecting area.

8. Indian Astronomical Observatory
File:Hanle observatory.jpg
Elevation: 4,500 m (14,764 ft)
Observatory Site: Mount Saraswati
Location: Hanle, Ladakh, India
Established: 2001
Type of Observatory: Infrared, gamma ray, Optical
Major Instruments: Himalayan Chandra Telescope, HAGAR

9. Meyer-Womble Observatory

Elevation: 4,312 m (14,148 ft)
Observatory Site: Mount Evans
Location: Colorado, United States
Established: 1996
Type of Observatory: Optical, Infrared

10. Yangbajing International Cosmic Ray Observatory

Elevation: 4,300 m (14,100 ft)
Observatory Site: Yangbajain
Location: Tibet Autonomous Region, China
Established: 1990
Type of Observatory: Cosmic ray

Source: wikipedia.org


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