10 Exemplos de criação de novas terras no Mundo

10 Examples of Land reclamation in the World
When a country does not have more space to grow, then the invasion of the sea is inevitable.
Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a landfill), is the process of creating new land from ocean, riverbeds, or, lake. The land reclaimed is known as reclamation ground or land fill.
In a number of other jurisdictions, including parts of the United States, the term "reclamation" can refer to returning disturbed lands to an improved state. For example, in Alberta, Canada, Reclamation is defined by the provincial government as "The process of reconverting disturbed land to its former or other productive uses." In Oceania it is frequently referred to as land rehabilitation.
The creation of new land always was for the need of ancient human activities.

1. Netherlands
File:Nijlânnermolen Workum.jpg
About 1/6 of the entire country reclaimed from the sea, lakes, marshes and swamps. About 7,000 km2 in total.

2. South Korea

As of 2006, 38 percent or 1,550 km2 of coastal wetlands reclaimed, including 400  km2 at Saemangeum.

3. Singapore

20% of the original size or 135 km2. As of 2003, plans for 99 km2 more are to go ahead, despite the fact that disputes persist with Malaysia over Singapore's extensive land reclamation works.

4. Hong Kong
File:Hong Kong reclamation.png
Land reclamation in Hong Kong: Grey (built), red (proposed or under development). Most of the urban area of Hong Kong is on the reclaimed land.

Praya Reclamation Scheme began in the late 1860s and consisted of two stages totaling 50 to 60+ acres. Hong Kong Disneyland, Hong Kong International Airport, and its predecessor, Kai Tak Airport, were all built on reclaimed land. In addition, much reclamation has taken place in prime locations on the waterfront on both sides of Victoria Harbour. This has raised environmental issues of the protection of the harbour which was once the source of prosperity of Hong Kong, traffic congestion in the Central district, as well as the collusion of the Hong Kong Government with the real estate developers in the territory.
In addition, as the city expands, new towns in different decades were mostly built on reclaimed land, such as Tuen Mun, Tai Po, Shatin-Ma On Shan, West Kowloon, Kwun Tong and Tseung Kwan O.

5. Macau
File:Land reclamation of Macau.JPG
170% of the original size or 17 km2.

6. Mumbai

An archipelago of originally 7 separate islands were joined together by land reclamation over a span of five centuries. This was done to develop Mumbai as a harbour city.

7. Monaco
File:Fontvieille harbour.JPG
The whole district of Fontvieille, Monaco was reclaimed from the sea.
0.41 km2 out of 2.05 km2, or 1/5 of Monaco comes from land taken from the sea, mainly in the neighborhoods of Fontvieille, La Condamine, and Larvotto/Bas Moulins.

8. Tokyo Bay, Japan

249 km2 including the entirety of Odaiba artificial island, and Kobe with 23 km2 (1995).

9. Bahrain

76.3% of original size of 410 km2(1931–2007).

10. New Zealand

Significant areas of land totalling several hundred hectares have been reclaimed along the harbourfront of Auckland, Wellington and Dunedin. In Dunedin - which in its early days was nicknamed "Mudedin" - around 2.5 km2, including much of the inner city and suburbs of Dunedin North, South Dunedin and Andersons Bay is reclaimed from the Otago Harbour, and a similar area in the suburbs of St Clair and St Kilda is reclaimed swampland.

Source: wikipedia.org


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