10 + 3 Corpos de água mais salgados no Mundo

10 + 3 Bodies of Water by Salinity
In oceanography, it has been traditional to express salinity not as percent, but as permille (parts per thousand) (‰), which is approximately grams of salt per kilogram of solution. Other disciplines use chemical analyses of solutions, and thus salinity is frequently reported in mg/L or ppm (parts per million). Prior to 1978, salinity or halinity was expressed as Cl ‰, usually based on comparison with IAPSO Standard Seawater ("Copenhagen water"), a natural sea water distributed to serve as a world standard. In 1978, oceanographers redefined salinity in the Practical Salinity Scale (PSS) as the conductivity ratio of a sea water sample to a standard KCl solution. Although PSS is a dimensionless quantity, its "unit" is usually called PSU. It is not the case that a salinity of 35 exactly equals 35 grams of salt per liter of solution.
This is a list of bodies of water by salinity that is limited to bodies of water that have a stable salinity above 0.5‰.
Note: A hypersaline lake is a landlocked body of water that contains significant concentrations of sodium chloride or other mineral salts, with saline levels surpassing that of ocean water (3.5%, i.e. 35 grams per litre or 0.29 pounds per US gallon). Specific microbial and crustacean species thrive in these high salinity environments that are otherwise inhospitable to most lifeforms. Some of these species attain dormancy when they are desiccated and organisms of certain species have been shown to survive for over 250 million years.

1. Don Juan Pond

Salinity: 400‰
Type: Salt lake
Region: Antarctica
The most saline lake in the world is the Don Juan Pond, located in the McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica.
Note: The McMurdo Dry Valleys are a row of snow-free valleys in Antarctica located within Victoria Land west of McMurdo Sound. The region is one of the world's most extreme deserts, and includes many interesting features including Lake Vida and the Onyx River, Antarctica's longest river.

2. Garabogazköl
File:Kara bogaz gol.jpg
Salinity: 350‰
Type: Lagoon
Country: Turkmenistan

3. Lake Assal
File:Lake Assal 3-Djibouti.jpg
Salinity: 348‰
Type: Salt lake
Countrie: Djibouti

4. Dead Sea
File:Dead Sea Halite View 031712.jpg
Halite deposits (and teepee structure) along the western Dead Sea coast.
Salinity: 337‰
Type: Salt lake
Countries: Israel, Jordan

5. Great Salt Lake
File:Great Salt Lake (June 2008).jpg
Salinity: 50-270‰
Type: Salt lake
Country: United States

6. Lake Mono
File:Mono Lake from Mount Dana (1).jpg
Salinity: 50-99‰
Type: Salt lake
Country: United States

7. Lake Urmia
File:Urmia Lake2 by Yoosef Pooranvari.jpg
Salinity: 85‰
Type: Salt lake
Country: Iran

8. Salton Sea
File:Salton Buttes - Obsidian Butte - ruins, rocks and birds.JPG
File:Salton Sea homes.JPG
Abandoned, salt-encrusted structures on the Salton Sea shore at Bombay Beach.
Salinity: 44‰
Type: Salt lake
Country: United States

9. Atlantic Ocean
File:Porto Covo pano April 2009-4.jpg
The Atlantic Ocean as seen from the western coast of Portugal in Porto Covo.
Salinity: 35‰
Type: Ocean

10. Baltic Sea
File:Jäämäed Puhtulaiul 1.JPG
Piles of drift ice on the shore of Puhtulaid, near Virtsu, Estonia, in late April.
Salinity: 23‰
Type: Mediterranean Sea
Region: Europe

11. Chilika Lake
Salinity: 0.13–31.73‰
Type: Lagoon
Country: India

12. Black Sea
Salinity: 13–23‰
Type: Inland sea
Countries: Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Russia, Georgia, Turkey

13. Caspian Sea
Salinity: 12.5‰
Type: Lake
Countries: Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan

Source: wikipedia.org


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