10 - 1 Subespécies de Girafa

10 -1 Subspecies of Giraffe
The giraffe is one of only two living species of the family Giraffidae, the other being the okapi. The family was once much more extensive, with over 10 fossil genera described. Their closest known relatives are the extinct climacocerids. They, together with the family Antilocapridae (whose only extant species is the pronghorn) belong to the superfamily Giraffoidea. These animals evolved from the extinct family Palaeomerycidae 8 million years ago in south-central Europe during the Miocene epoch. 
The giraffes are divided into two groups: giraffe of north are tricorns, with a nasal horn and two frontal and parietal interocular presenting predominantly reticulate coat, and giraffe the south, no nasal horn and coat has predominantly irregular meshes.
(with population estimates as of 2010)

1. Reticulated giraffe ( G. c. reticulata )
Giraffe sticking out tongue 01.jpg
The reticulated giraffe, also known as the Somali giraffe, is native to north -eastern Kenya, southern Ethiopia, and Somalia . An Estimated population of no more than 5,000 Remain in the wild, and based on International Species Information System records, more than 450 are kept in zoos.
Stains -colored liver, crosslinked and separated by white lines very sharp.

2. Angolan giraffe ( G. c. angolensis )

The Angolan giraffe, or the Namibian giraffe, is found in Angola, northern Namibia, south-western Zambia, Botswana and western Zimbabwe. A 2009 genetic study on this subspecies Suggests the northern Namib Desert and Etosha National Park Populations form a separate subspecies. It is Estimated que at more than 20,000 Remain in the wild, and Approximately 20 are kept in zoos.

3. Kordofan giraffe ( G. c. antiquorum )

The giraffe Kordofan, Which has a distribution includes southern Chad, the Central African Republic, northern Cameroon, and north-eastern DR Congo. No more than 3,000 are Believed to Remain in the wild. Considerable confusion has existed over the status of this subspecies and G. c . peralta in zoos. In 2007, all Alleged G. c . peralta in European zoos were shown to be, in fact, G. c . antiquorum. With this correction, about 65 are kept in zoos.

4. Kilimanjaro giraffe or Masai giraffe ( G. c. tippelskirchi )
Maasai Giraffe 07.JPG
The Masai giraffe also known as the Kilimanjaro giraffe, can be found in central and southern Kenya and in Tanzania. In more than 40,000 are thought to Remain in the wild, and about 100 are kept in zoos.

Uneven patches in the form of vine leaf, chocolate -colored.

5. Nubian giraffe ( G. c. camelopardalis )

The Nubian Giraffe, the nominate subspecies, is found in eastern South Sudan and south-western Ethiopia. Fewer than 250 are thought to Remain in the wild, although this number is uncertain. It is rare in captivity, although the group is kept at Al Ain Zoo in the United Arab Emirates. In 2003, this group numbered 14.
Spots large, quadrangular, hazel-colored, absent in the legs.

6. Rothschild giraffe ( G. c. rothschildi )

The Rothschild giraffe, named for Walter Rothschild, is Also Called the Baringo Giraffe or Ugandan. Its range includes parts of Uganda and Kenya. Its presence in South Sudan is uncertain. Fewer than 700 are Believed to Remain in the wild, and more than 450 are kept in zoos.
Rectangular dark brown spots, ill-defined.

7. South African giraffe ( G. c. giraffa )
South African Giraffe, head.jpg
The South African giraffe, is found in northern South Africa, southern Botswana, southern Zimbabwe, and south-western Mozambique. Less than 12,000 are Estimated to Remain in the wild, and around 45 are kept in zoos.

8. Rhodesian giraffe ( G. c. thornicrofti )

The Rhodesian Giraffe, also called the Thornicroft giraffe after Harry Scott Thornicroft, is restricted to the Luangwa Valley in eastern Zambia. Remain in more than 1,500 in the wild, with none kept in zoos.

9. West African giraffe ( G. c. peralta )

The West African giraffe, also known as the Niger or Nigerian giraffe, is endemic to south- western Niger. Fewer than 220 Individuals Remain in the wild. Giraffes in Cameroon were formerly Believed to belong to this subspecies, but are actually G. c . antiquorum. This error resulted in some confusion over its status in zoos, but in 2007 it was established que all " G. c . Peralta " kept in European zoos actually are G. c . antiquorum.

10. Giraffa jumae ( Extinct )
It is an extinct species of African giraffe, had horns straight backward, and was taller and more robust than the greatest gift giraffe, the Nubian giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis camelopardalis), with about 6m tall and weighing about 2 tons. According to the fossils found associated with their, may have lived in regions with forests. Lived in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and South Africa Upper Miocene to Pleistocene. Their fossils are the earliest to be assigned to the genus Giraffa, with 12 million years old.

Source : wikipedia.org


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