10 Lugares com os Nomes mais longos do Mundo

10 Most long place names in the World
This is a list of officially recognised long place names.
Single word names.

1. Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateaturipukakapikimaungahoronukupokaiwhenuakitanatahu (85 letters)

Short-forms: Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateapokaiwhenuakitanatahu (57 letters), Taumata (7 letters)
Location: North Island, New Zealand

Language: Māori
Translation: "The summit where Tamatea, the man with the big knees, the climber of mountains, the land-swallower who travelled about, played his nose flute to his loved one".

Notes: Listed in the Guinness World Records as the longest official place name in the world.
It is the second-longest place name in the world, according to Wises New Zealand Guide and reported in the New Zealand Herald.

2. Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch (58 letters)

Short-forms: Llanfairpg (10 letters)
Location: Isle of Anglesey, United Kingdom
Language: Welsh
Translation: "Saint Mary's Church in a hollow of white hazel near the swirling whirlpool of the church of Saint Tysilio with a red cave"
Notes: The longest official one-word placename in Wales. Also the longest official one-word placename in Europe.

3. Chargoggagoggmanchauggagoggchaubunagungamaugg (45 letters)

Short-forms: Lake Chaubunagungamaug (17 letters)
Location: a lake in Webster, Massachusetts, United States
Language: Nipmuc
Translation: "Fishing Place at the Boundaries -- Neutral Meeting Grounds"
Notes: Believed to be the longest official one-word place name in the United States.

4. Tweebuffelsmeteenskootmorsdoodgeskietfontein (44 letters)
Location: South Africa
Language: Afrikaans
Translation: "The spring (lit. Fountain) where two buffaloes were cleanly killed with a single shot".
The name, which follows a common format for place names in South Africa, is Afrikaans for "The spring where two buffaloes were cleanly killed with a single shot". The literal translation is "Twee buffels" = "Two buffaloes", "met een skoot" = "with one shot"; "morsdood" = "stone dead"; "geskiet" = "shot"; "fontein" = "spring (river source)" or "fountain". While not strictly grammatical, this name illustrates the compounding nature of Afrikaans. All the descriptive terms relating to one concept can generally be tied together into one long word. Another example of this would be wildewaatlemoenkonfytkompetisiebeoordelaarshandleiding, which translates to "wild watermelon jam competition judge's manual". Such use is, however, not common, and such words are often separated using one or more hyphens if they become too long or unwieldy.
The farm was originally granted to A.P. de Nysschen in 1866 by the government of the South African Republic; is referred to in the survey diagram as "Twee Buffels Geschiet" (Two buffaloes shot) and shown as having an area of 5119 morgen and 429 square roods (4385.2 ha). Official maps published by National Geo-spatial Information refer to it as "Tweebuffels" (Two buffaloes).
The name has also been used in advertising to signify the typical small rural town.
Notes: Disputed whether the name belongs to a farm or town, and whether that farm or town actually exists.

5. Äteritsiputeritsipuolilautatsijänkä (35 letters)

Location: Lapland, Finland
Language: Finnish (northern dialect)
Translation:
Notes: The longest official one-word placename in Finland.

6. Pekwachnamaykoskwaskwaypinwanik (31 letters)

Location: a lake in Manitoba and Nunavut, Canada
Language: Cree
Translation: "where the wild trout are caught by fishing with hooks".
The name is Cree for "where the wild trout are caught by fishing with hooks." It is the longest place name in Canada at 31 letters long. It is located just southeast of Red Sucker Lake in northeastern Manitoba, near its border with Ontario.
Notes: The longest official one-word placename in Canada.

7. Venkatanarasimharajuvaripeta (28 letters)

Location: a village in Andhra Pradesh, India
Language: Telugu
Translation:Venkatanarasimharaju's city
Notes: The longest one-word placename in India.

8. Bovenendvankeelafsnysleegte (27 letters)
Location: a farm in the Upper Karoo in South Africa
Language: Afrikaans
Translation: "Upper end of throat-cut valley"
Notes:

9. Mamungkukumpurangkuntjunya (26 letters)
Location: a hill in South Australia, Australia
Language: Pitjantjatjara
Translation: "Where the devil urinates"
Notes: The longest official one-word placename in Australia.

10. Bullaunancheathrairaluinn (25 letters)
Location: a bullaun in County Galway, Ireland
Language: Anglicisation of Irish Ballán an Cheathrair Álainn
Translation: Bullaun of the Beautiful Four
Notes: Believed to be the longest official one-word Irish-derived placename in Ireland.

11. Gasselterboerveenschemond (25 letters)

Location: a hamlet in Drenthe, Netherlands
Language: Dutch
Translation:
Notes: The longest official one-word placename in the Netherlands.

12. Svalbarðsstrandarhreppur (23 letters)
Location: a municipality in Iceland
Translation:
Notes: The longest official one-word place name in Iceland.

In Brazil:
The municipality with the longest name in Brazil is Vila Bela da Santíssima Trindade, with 32 characters (including spaces). The Brazilian municipality with the longest single word name is Esperantinópolis, with 16 characters.
Esperantinópolis is a town and municipality in the state of Maranhão in the Northeast region of Brazil.

Source: wikipedia.org

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