10 Países com a menor Idade de responsabilidade criminal

10 Country by minimum Ages of criminal responsibility
The defense of infancy is a form of defense known as an excuse so that defendants falling within the definition of an "infant" are excluded from criminal liability for their actions, if at the relevant time, they had not reached an age of criminal responsibility. After reaching the initial age, there may be levels of responsibility dictated by age and the type of offense committed.
Under the English common law the defense of infancy was expressed as a set of presumptions. A child under the age of seven was presumed incapable of committing a crime. The presumption was conclusive, prohibiting the prosecution from offering evidence that the child had the capacity to appreciate the nature and wrongfulness of what he had done. Children aged seven to fourteen (13 years, 364 days 23'59'59" aged) were presumed incapable of committing a crime but the presumption was rebuttable. The prosecution could overcome the presumption by proving that the child understood what he was doing and that it was wrong. Children fourteen and older were presumed capable of committing a crime. However, the child could rebut this presumption by establishing that because of his immaturity he was incapable of understanding what he had done or the wrongfulness of his conduct.

The following are the minimum ages at which children may be charged with a criminal offence in 16 country.

1. Mexico
Age: 6-12

2. United States
Age: 6-12
Age determined by each state; the minimum age is 6 (North Carolina); however, only 15 states have set minimum ages, which range from 6 to 12 years. States without statutory minimum ages rely on common law, which means that 7 is the minimum age in most states; for federal crimes the age has been set at 11.

3. India
Age: 7

4. Myanmar
Age: 7

5. Nigeria
Age: 7

6. Pakistan
Age: 7

7. Singapore
Age: 7

8. Sudan
Age: 7

9. Tanzania
Age: 7

10. Indonesia
Age: 8

11. Kenya
Age: 8

12. Bangladesh
Age: 9

13. Ethiopia
Age: 9

14. Iran
Age: 9-15
Age 9 for girls, 15 for boys

15. Australia
Age: 10
Age of criminal responsibility in Australia.
Rebuttable presumption of incapacity of committing crime: under 14.

16. England Wales England and Wales (UK)
Age: 10
Criminal responsibility is age 10 in England and Wales. This is when a child becomes criminally responsible for their actions and the consequences of their actions. From this age onwards, they can be prosecuted for any criminal offence in a Youth Court.
From the age of 10 onwards, individuals are then considered an adult in the eyes of the law. Therefore, all punishment given by the courts or other law enforcement agencies will rest solely upon them.

File: Idade de responsabilidade criminal.jpg
Brazil
Age: 18
Majority age is 18; but from age 12 children's actions are subject to juvenile legal proceedings and sanctions.

Portugal
Age: 16
Currently being studied the possibility of lowering the age of criminal responsibility to 14. From age 12 to 15 children are kept in juvenile correction centers.



Source: wikipedia.org

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