10 Países que converteram totalmente para as cédulas de polímero (plástico)

10 Countries Have Converted Fully to polymer Banknotes (Plastic)
Polymer banknotes are banknotes made from a polymer such as biaxially oriented polypropylene (BOPP). Such notes incorporate many security features not available to paper banknotes, including the use of metameric inks; they also last significantly longer than paper notes, resulting in a decrease in environmental impact and a reduction of production and replacement costs. Modern polymer banknotes were first developed by the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA), CSIRO and The University of Melbourne. They were first issued as currency in Australia in 1988 (coinciding with that country's Bicentenary year). In 1996 Australia switched completely to polymer banknotes . Countries that have since switched completely to polymer banknotes include Brunei, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Romania, Vietnam, Fiji, Mauritius (printed by De La Rue), Canada, Malaysia and Israel.

Other countries and regions with notes printed on Guardian polymer in circulation include: Bangladesh, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Dominican Republic, Hong Kong (for a 2-year trial), Indonesia, Israel, Malaysia, Mexico, Nepal, Solomon Islands (no longer issued), Sri Lanka, Thailand, Samoa, Singapore and Zambia. Canada released its first polymer banknote ($100) on 14 November 2011, followed by the $50 banknote on 26 March 2012 and the $20 banknote on 7 November 2012 and finally, the $10 and $5 banknotes on 7 November 2013. Countries and regions that have issued commemorative banknotes (which are not in circulation) on Guardian polymer include: China, Taiwan, Kuwait, Northern Ireland and Singapore.

1. Australia


Year of the first polymer issue: 1988

2. Brunei
File:10000 Brunei Dollar.jpg
File:Reverse of 10000 Brunei Dollar Bill.jpg
Year of the first polymer issue: 1996

3. New Zealand


Year of the first polymer issue: 1999

4. Papua New Guinea


Year of the first polymer issue: 1991 (polymer)
                                                     2008 (hybrid)

5. Romania


Year of the first polymer issue: 1999

6. Vietnam


Year of the first polymer issue: 2001

7. Fiji


Year of the first polymer issue: 2013 (polymer)
                                                     2007 (hybrid)

8. Mauritius


Year of the first polymer issue: 2013

9. Canada


Year of the first polymer issue: 2011


10. Malaysia


Year of the first polymer issue: 1998

11. Israel


Year of the first polymer issue: 2008

Note:
In 2013 the Bank of England announced that it would adopt polymer notes.


Source: wikipedia.org
                http://polymernotes.org

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