10 + 1 Novas e surpreendentes espécies de animais descobertas em 2013

10 + 1 New and Amazing Animal Species Discovered in 2013
Hello World, I exist!
Scientists worldwide have cataloged only a part of all life forms on the planet.
New species of insects, bacteria and viruses are discovered frequently. However, new mammals are rare.
Surprising the scientific community, this year a new mammal has been discovered in South America
The researchers also cataloged new species in Brazil, Argentina and Australia. And until a new bird was found in the Cambodian capital.

1. Olinguito (Bassaricyon neblina)
Ficheiro:Olinguito ZooKeys 324, solo.jpg
Scientists from the Smithsonian Institute, USA, in 2013 discovered a new species living in Colombia and Ecuador forests. Dubbed Olinguito, is the first new carnivore discovered in the Western Hemisphere in 35 years. It took over a decade to identify the mammal, a discovery that, according to scientists,  is very rare in the 21st century.
Note: Your discovery was revealed on August 15, 2013 by Kristofer Helgen, curator of mammals sector of the National Museum of Natural History of the Smithsonian Institution. Helgen discovered samples of the species kept in a museum in Chicago and, using DNA tests failed to confirm the new species. This is the first discovery of a new species of the order Carnivora in America in 35 years.
Scientists believe that a olinguito was displayed in various zoos in the U.S. between 1967 and 1976. Mistook their handlers with a olingo and could not understand why he is not reproduced. He was sent to various zoos, but died without being properly identified.

2. Pied Bat (Niumbaha superba)
File:Niumbaha superba - ZooKeys-285-089-g002-top-left.jpeg
The Pied Bat is a rare species of vesper bat in the Vespertilionidae family.
First discovered in 1939 in Belgian Congo. At that time, the species was placed in the genus Glauconycteris under the name Glauconycteris superba. Following a 2013 capture in South Sudan, only the fifth recorded capture of the species, the pied bat was determined to be of a new genus entirely, Niumbaha, named after the Zande word for "rare".
It is found in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Ghana and South Sudan. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

3. T. kircherorum

This new rodent was discovered in the province of Chubut, in Argentina. He was christened T. kircherorum, in honor of Presidents Nestor Kirchner and Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner.
Note: A new rodent population Hamlet Los Adobes, in the province of Chubut, Argentina, and bear the names of Presidents Néstor Kirchner and Cristina Kirchner, scientists announced the Patagonian National Centre (CENPAT). The new species is called T. Kirchnerorum in recognition of active policies to promote scientific and technological system, the repatriation of scientists and the creation of the Ministry of Science created by former and current President of the Nation. 
The announcement was made by Dr. Paul Teta and Ulises Pardiñas, members of CENPAT. They said that the name was decided by them and other co-authors to be published in December 2013 in the journal "Journal of Mammalogy." 
Theta and Pardiñas explained that "these rodents are more like those cavies and maras (Patagonian hare) with mice and rats. E explained that" this rodent, commonly known as "rat vizcacha" is famous for being the only mammal with a double complement of DNA and have many adaptations to life in the desert. "They feed on plants, but with high salt" before eating leaves scraped to remove the maximum amount of salt. " 
Finally, said the new rodent can be detected from a work that began in 2005, after collecting fossils in the Lower Valley of Chubut River until they came to this new species.

4. Shark Halmahera (Hemiscyllium halmahera)

On the coast of the island of Halmahera in Indonesia , was discovered this new species of shark, Hemiscyllium Halmahera . The animal moves in the sea bed using the fins to take thrust.
Note: The revelation of the existence of this new shark species was given by an Australian expert, Gerald R. Allen, and his team discovered that the waters around the Ternate island in 2013, which was designated as "Shark Halmahera." This type of shark uses their pelvic and pectoral fins to move about on the sea floor, while the body contorts. It is approximately 80 inches long and has white and brown spots throughout most of the body, being harmless to humans. It is most active at night when it travels through the ocean in search of fish and shellfish for food. The description of the species and of the research were published in the International Journal of Ichthyology, no. # 19.

5. Cambodian Tailorbird (Orthotomus chaktomuk)

The Cambodian Tailorbird is a species of bird that was discovered in Phnom Penh, the capital of Cambodia, in 2009, during avian influenza checks. In 2013, it was determined to be a unique species and formally described. It is a small bird, with an orange-red tuft on its head, about the size of a Eurasian Wren which is approximately 1/21th or 0.048 the size of the world's largest living bird. The Cambodian Tailorbird is endemic to Cambodia, likely confined to a single dense shrub habitat in the floodplain of the Mekong river.
Note: The Cambodian Tailorbird was discovered in Phnom Penh, the capital of Cambodia, in 2009, during avian influenza checks. Since then, it has been spotted in various parts of Phnom Penh, including on a construction site where bird researcher Ashish John photographed it. His picture was later used to help describe the bird.
In June 2012, John began collaborating with the Wildlife Conservation Society, BirdLife International, the University of Kansas, Louisiana State University, and the Sam Veasna Centre to test the bird's plumage, genetics, and song. The tests determined that it was a unique species. The paper formally describing the Cambodian Tailorbird was published in a special online early-view issue of the Oriental Bird Club's journal Forktail. Its specific name comes from a Khmer word which means four-faces, which describes where the bird is found: in the floodplain where the Bassac River, Mekong, and Tonlé Sap meet.

6. Blotched boulder frog (Cophixalus petrophilus)

Cophixalus petrophilus, the blotched boulder-frog, is a species of frog from the Cape York Peninsula (Queensland, Australia) that was described in 2013. The name of the frog means "rock-loving" and it mountain rainforest boulder fields of Northern Queensland. The frogs feed and breed during the summer wet season rains. The area is described as dark, cool and moist during the dry season. It is one of three newly described vertebrate species from Cape Melville, Australia.

7. Cape Melville leaf-tailed gecko (Saltuarius eximius)
File:The Cape Melville Leaf-tailed Gecko (Saltuarius eximius). Photo by Conrad Hoskin.jpg
The Cape Melville leaf-tailed gecko, Saltuarius eximius, is a species of gecko that is endemic to the Melville Range on Cape Melville in Northern Australia. The species was described in 2013 by Australian zoologists Conrad Hoskin (of James Cook University) and Patrick Couper (curator of herpetology at Queensland Museum). The lizards are about 20 cm long and are believed to be a relic species from the time period rainforests were more abundant in Australia. The name derives from the Latin word for "extraordinary" or "exquisite", and refers to the lizard's distinctive, camoflauged appearance. It hides among rocky boulders in the day and emerges at night to hunt on rocks and trees. The lizard has large eyes, a long and slender body, and specialized limbs adaptated to life in dimly lit boulder fields.

8. Cape Melville shade skink (Saproscincus saltus)

The Cape Melville shade skink, Saproscincus saltus, is a species of lizard from the Cape York Peninsula of Queensland, Australia, described in 2013. It was one of three vertebrates discovered by scientists from James Cook University and National Geographic in an area of mountain rainforest in North Queensland. The lizards are active by day, running and jumping through the mossy boulder fields of Northern Queensland.

9. (Austromerope brasiliensis)
File:Austromerope brasiliensis dorsal view - ZooKeys-269-051-g001.jpeg
The forcepfly Austromerope brasiliensis is one of only two living representatives of the genus Austromerope (the other is the Australian Austromerope poultoni). It is apparently endemic to Brazil, with large forceps-like structures at the tail and two pairs of wings. Only adults are known - no larval stage has been seen.

10. Little black tapir or Kabomani tapir (Tapirus kabomani)

Researchers have found another species of tapir this Amazon region, Tapirus kabomani. The discovery was presented in the journal 'Journal of Mammalogy.' But this little tapir was known by local Indian tribes. She lives in the Amazon River basin in Brazil and Colombia.
Note: Although not formally described until 2013, the possibility of T. kabomani be a distinct species was suggested 100 years before. The first specimen recognized as a member of this species was collected by the Roosevelt - Rondon Scientific Expedition. Roosevelt (1914 ) believed to have collected a new species, since local hunters recognized two types of tapir in the region ( Roosevelt, 1914), and another member of the expedition, Leo E. Miller suggested that there were two species. However, although observed by experts, all were classified as emus Tapirus terrestris including exemplary AMNH 36661, which was identified as the T. kabomani. The species was formally described in December 2013 and was the first species of tapir to be discovered since 1865.

11. Transparent shell (Zospeum tholussum)
File:A live individual of Zospeum tholussum.jpg
The Zospeum tholussum is a land snail with a transparent shell. The species is another family of Ellobidae , discovered in Lukina Jama - Trojama , a complex of deep caves in Croatia , 20 one of the deepest in the world.
Note: Zospeum tholussum is a cave-dwelling species of air-breathing land snails in the family Ellobiidae. It is a very small species with a shell height of less than 2 mm (0.079 in) and a shell width of around 1 mm (0.039 in). Z. tholussum individuals are completely blind and possess translucent shells with five to six whorls. The second whorl of their shells has a characteristic dome-like shape. They are also extremely slow-moving and may depend on passive transportation through running water or larger animals for dispersal.
Zospeum tholussum was discovered at depths of 743 to 1,392 m (2,438 to 4,567 ft) in the Lukina jama–Trojama cave system in Croatia in 2010 during a caving expedition. It was formally described as a new species in 2013 by the taxonomist Alexander M. Weigand.


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