10 Empresas que controlam quase tudo o que você compra

10 Corporations Control Almost Everything You Buy
Ten mega corporations control the output of almost everything you buy; from household products to pet food to jeans. 

According to this chart via Reddit, called "The Illusion of Choice," these corporations create a chain that begins at one of 10 super companies. You've heard of the biggest names, but it's amazing to see what these giants own or influence.

(Note: The chart shows a mix of networks. Parent companies may own, own shares of, or may simply partner with their branch networks. For example, Coca-Cola does not own Monster, but distributes the energy drink. Another note: We are not sure how up-to-date the chart is. For example, it has not been updated to reflect P&G's sale of Pringles to Kellogg's in February.)

Here are just a few examples: Yum Brands owns KFC and Taco Bell. The company was a spin-off of Pepsi. All Yum Brands restaurants sell only Pepsi products because of a special partnership with the soda-maker.

Nestlé S.A.

Nestlé S.A. is a Swiss transnational food and beverage company headquartered in Vevey, Switzerland. It is the largest food company in the world measured by revenues.
Nestlé's products include baby food, bottled water, breakfast cereals, coffee and tea, confectionery, dairy products, ice cream, frozen food, pet foods, and snacks. 29 of Nestlé's brands have annual sales of over 1 billion Swiss francs (about $1.1 billion), including Nespresso, Nescafé, Kit Kat, Smarties, Nesquik, Stouffer's, Vittel, and Maggi. Nestlé has 447 factories, operates in 194 countries, and employs around 333,000 people. It is one of the main shareholders of L'Oréal, the world's largest cosmetics company.
As of year end 2010, Nestlé held 29.7% of the shares of L'Oréal, the world's largest company in cosmetics and beauty. Its brands including Garnier, Maybelline, and Lancôme as well as The Body Shop stores. L’Oréal holds 10.41% of the shares of Sanofi-Aventis, the world's number 3 and Europe's number 1 pharmaceutical company.

List of Nestlé brands
Nestlé has some 8,000 brands, with a wide range of products across a number of markets, including coffee, bottled water, milkshakes and other beverages, breakfast cereals, infant foods, performance and healthcare nutrition, seasonings, soups and sauces, frozen and refrigerated foods, and pet food. Nestlé's brands include:

Coffee and tea:
Coffee mate, Dolce Gusto, Nescafé, Nespresso, Nestea and Enviga (controlled by the joint venture with The Coca-Cola Company, called Beverage Partners Worldwide), Ricoré, Special.T, Sweet Leaf Tea.

Bottled water (Nestlé Waters):
Aquarel, Arrowhead Water, Cristalp, Contrex, Deer Park Spring Water, Ice Mountain, Nestlé Pure Life, Ozarka, Perrier, Poland Spring, San Pellegrino, Vittel

Milkshakes and other beverages:
Carnation (now part of Alaska Milk Corporation in the Philippines, but under a long-term license agreement with Nestlé), Caro, Juicy Juice, La Laitière (controlled by the joint venture with Lactalis), Milo, Nesquik, Ovaltine (USA only).

Chocolate and confectionery:
Aero, After Eight, Baby Ruth, Big Turk, Butterfinger, Butter-Menthol, Caramac, Cailler, Coffee Crisp, Galak/Milky Bar, KitKat (licensed to The Hershey Company in U.S.), Lion Bar, Nestlé Crunch, Quality Street, Rolo (licensed to The Hershey Company in U.S.), Rowntree products, Smarties, Toffee Crisp, Wonka products.

Performance and healthcare nutrition:
Boost

Ice cream:
Dreyer's, Drumstick, Extrême, Häagen-Dazs (brand owned by General Mills. Nestlé has a licence to use the brand in the USA and Canada), Kimy (Philippines only), Maxibon, Mega, Mövenpick Ice Cream, Parlour (acquired from Ault Foods and rebranded from Sealtest).

Breakfast cereals: (some distributed by Cereal Partners Worldwide, the joint venture with General Mills)
Cheerios, Chocapic, Cookie Crisp, Golden Nuggets, Nesquik, Nestlé Fitness, Shreddies, Trix.

Baby food:
Cerelac, Gerber, Nido.
(S-26 Gold, SMA and Promil (acquired from Pfizer Inc.))

Seasonings, soups and sauces: (Nestlé Professional)
Buitoni, CHEF, Davigel, Maggi, Minor's (soup base).

Frozen and refrigerated foods:
Delissio, DiGiorno (pizza), Herta, Hot Pockets, Lean Cuisine, Stouffer's.

Pet food: (Nestlé Purina Pet Care)
Dog Chow, Felix, Friskies, Purina ONE, Winalot.

Pharmaceutical products and active cosmetics: (controlled by joint ventures with L'Oréal)
Biotherm, Galderma, Innéov.

Life insurance:
Gerber Life Insurance Company.

Kraft Foods Group Inc.

Kraft Foods Group Inc. is an American grocery manufacturing and processing conglomerate headquartered in the Chicago suburb of Northfield, Illinois.
The company was formed in 2012 by a demerger from Kraft Foods Inc., which in turn was renamed Mondelēz International. The new Kraft Foods Group is chiefly an American grocery business, while Mondelēz is a multinational snack and confectionary company. Kraft Foods Group is an independent public company; it is listed on the NASDAQ.

The company's core businesses are in beverage, cheese, dairy foods, snack foods, and convenience foods.

    List of Kraft brands:


Procter & Gamble Co.
File:Procter & Gamble logo 2013.png
Procter & Gamble Co., also known as P&G, is an American multinational consumer goods company headquartered in downtown Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, founded by William Procter and James Gamble, both from the United Kingdom. Its products include pet foods, cleaning agents, and personal care products. Prior to the sale of Pringles to the Kellogg Company, its product line included foods and beverages. In 2012, P&G recorded $83.68 billion in sales. P&G remains a highly selective employer as less than 1% of all applicants are hired annually.

26 of P&G's brands have more than a billion dollars in net annual sales, according to the 2011 Annual Report and P&G Corporate Newsroom.

List of Procter & Gamble brands:
 List of Procter & Gamble brands

Unilever N.V. / Unilever PLC

Unilever is an Anglo–Dutch multinational consumer goods company co-headquartered in London, England and Rotterdam, Netherlands. Its products include food, beverages, cleaning agents and personal care products. It is the world's third-largest consumer goods company measured by 2012 revenue, after Procter & Gamble and Nestlé. One of the oldest multinational companies, its products are available in around 190 countries.

Unilever owns over 400 brands, but focuses on 14 brands with sales of over 1 billion euros - Axe/Lynx, Dove, Omo, Becel/Flora, Heartbrand ice creams, Hellmann's, Knorr, Lipton, Lux, Magnum, Rama, Rexona, Sunsilk and Surf. It is a dual-listed company consisting of Unilever N.V., based in Rotterdam, and Unilever PLC, based in London. The two companies operate as a single business, with a common board of directors. Unilever is organised into four main divisions - Foods, Refreshment (beverages and ice cream), Home Care, and Personal Care. It has research and development facilities in the United Kingdom , the Netherlands, China, India and the United States.

List of Unilever brands:
 List of Unilever brands

The Coca-Cola Company
The Coca-Cola Company is an American multinational beverage corporation and manufacturer, retailer and marketer of nonalcoholic beverage concentrates and syrups, which is headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia. The company is best known for its flagship product Coca-Cola, invented in 1886 by pharmacist John Stith Pemberton in Columbus, Georgia. The Coca-Cola formula and brand was bought in 1889 by Asa Griggs Candler (December 30, 1851 - March 12, 1929), who incorporated The Coca-Cola Company in 1892. The company operates a franchised distribution system dating from 1889 where The Coca-Cola Company only produces syrup concentrate which is then sold to various bottlers throughout the world who hold an exclusive territory. The Coca-Cola Company owns its anchor bottler in North America, Coca-Cola Refreshments.

List of all brands (fully or partially) owned by The Coca-Cola Company:
 List of all brands (fully or partially) owned by The Coca-Cola Company

PepsiCo Inc.
PepsiCo Inc. is an American multinational food and beverage corporation headquartered in Purchase, New York, United States, with interests in the manufacturing, marketing and distribution of grain-based snack foods, beverages, and other products. PepsiCo was formed in 1965 with the merger of the Pepsi-Cola Company and Frito-Lay, Inc. PepsiCo has since expanded from its namesake product Pepsi to a broader range of food and beverage brands, the largest of which includes an acquisition of Tropicana in 1998 and a merger with Quaker Oats in 2001—which added the Gatorade brand to its portfolio.

PepsiCo also previously owned several other brands that it later sold so it could focus on its primary snack food and beverage lines, according to investment analysts reporting on the divestments in 1997.
Brands formerly owned by PepsiCo include: Pizza Hut, Taco Bell, KFC, Hot 'n Now, East Side Mario's, D'Angelo Sandwich Shops, Chevys Fresh Mex, California Pizza Kitchen, Stolichnaya (via licensed agreement), Wilson Sporting Goods and North American Van Lines.

List of PepsiCo brands:
Pepsi, Mountain Dew, Lay's potato chips, Gatorade, Diet Pepsi, Tropicana beverages, 7 Up (outside U.S.), Doritos tortilla chips, Lipton teas (PepsiCo/Unilever partnership), Quaker foods and snacks, Cheetos, Mirinda, Ruffles potato chips, Aquafina bottled water, Pepsi Max,Tostitos tortilla chips, Sierra Mist, Fritos corn chips, Walkers potato crisps.

Mars, Inc.

Mars, Inc. is an American global manufacturer of confectionery, pet food, and other food products with US$30 billion in annual sales in 2012, and is ranked as the 3rd largest privately held company in the United States by Forbes. Headquartered in McLean, unincorporated Fairfax County, Virginia, US, the company is entirely owned by the Mars family. Mars operates in six business segments in the US: Chocolate (Hackettstown, New Jersey), Petcare (Franklin, Tennessee), Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company (Chicago, Illinois), Food (Los Angeles, California), Drinks (West Chester, Pennsylvania), and Symbioscience (Germantown, Maryland).


List of Mars brands:
 List of Mars brands

Johnson & Johnson
Johnson & Johnson is an American multinational medical devices, pharmaceutical and consumer packaged goods manufacturer founded in 1886.
Johnson & Johnson's brands include numerous household names of medications and first aid supplies. Among its well-known consumer products are the Band-Aid Brand line of bandages, Tylenol medications, Johnson's baby products, Neutrogena skin and beauty products, Clean & Clear facial wash and Acuvue contact lenses.
Johnson & Johnson is a highly diversified company with at least 230 subsidiaries, which it refers to as the "Johnson & Johnson Family of Companies".

List of Johnson & Johnson brands:
 List of Johnson & Johnson brands

Kellogg Company

Kellogg's (also Kellogg, Kellogg Company and Kellogg's of Battle Creek) is an American multinational food manufacturing company headquartered in Battle Creek, Michigan, United States. Kellogg's produces cereal and convenience foods, including cookies, crackers, toaster pastries, cereal bars, fruit-flavored snacks, frozen waffles, and vegetarian foods. The company's brands include Froot Loops, Corn Flakes, Frosted Flakes, Rice Krispies, Special K, Cocoa Krispies, Keebler, Pringles, Pop-Tarts, Kashi, Cheez-It, Eggo, Nutri-Grain, Morningstar Farms, and many more.

Kellogg's products are manufactured in 18 countries and marketed in over 180 countries. Kellogg's largest factory is at Trafford Park in Manchester, United Kingdom, which is also the location of its European headquarters.

List of Kellogg Company brands:
 List of Kellogg Company brands

General Mills, Inc.
General Mills, Inc. is an American corporation, primarily concerned with food products, headquartered in the Minneapolis suburb of Golden Valley, Minnesota. The company markets many well-known North American brands, such as Betty Crocker, Yoplait, Colombo, Totino's, Jeno's, Pillsbury, Green Giant, Old El Paso, Häagen-Dazs, Cheerios, Trix, and Lucky Charms. Its brand portfolio includes more than 100 leading U.S. brands and numerous category leaders around the world.
Main product:  Baking mixes, Breakfast cereals, yogurt, refrigerated dough, soup, pizza, snack foods, ice cream, soy products, vegetables, flour, and other food products...
Other company brands include Frescarini, Latina, Totino's, Jeno's, Progresso, Columbo, and Yoplait (51%).

               http://en.wikipedia.org

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