10 Maiores empresas espaciais privadas no Mundo

10 Largest Private Space Companies in the World

1. Virgin Galactic

Industry: Commercial space flight and space tourism
Virgin Galactic is a British commercial spaceflight company within the Virgin Group with ambitious plans to provide suborbital spaceflights to space tourists, suborbital launches for space science missions, and orbital launches of small satellites. Further in the future, Virgin Galactic hopes to offer orbital human spaceflights as well. Virgin Galactic's spacecraft is air launched from a 'buddy' aeroplane.

2. XCOR Space Expeditions

Industry: Commercial spaceflight  and space tourism
Space, and the possibilities for research it provides, offers opportunities to safeguard the future and welfare of our planet, everyday and everywhere. These days, space is no longer the exclusive domain of governments and institutions like NASA and ESA. It is rapidly coming within reach of private organizations and people. This development starts with the eye-catching business of space  adventure travel, but at the same time it will serve the goals of science, research and education. We strive to facilitate this exciting new global trend.  
 Vision:
The world keeps getting smaller. Expanding humanity is stretching the Earth’s resources to its limit. Science is now ready for the next step: into space.
 Mission:

Opening up new worlds for humanity, specifically with regards to science, education, economic growth, sustainability and leisure.

3. SpaceX

Industry: Aerospace and space tourism
Space Exploration Technologies Corporation, or SpaceX, is a space transport services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California. It was founded in 2002 by former PayPal entrepreneur and Tesla Motors CEO Elon Musk. SpaceX was founded with the goal of reducing space transportation costs and enabling the colonization of Mars. It has developed the Falcon 1 and Falcon 9 launch vehicles, both of which were designed from conception to eventually become reusable. SpaceX also developed the Dragon spacecraft, which are flown into orbit by the Falcon 9 launch vehicle, initially transporting cargo and later planned to carry humans to the International Space Station and other destinations.

4. Space Adventures
Space adventures logo-clear.jpg
Industry: Commercial spaceflight
Space Adventures, Ltd. is a Virginia, USA-based space tourism company founded in 1998 by Eric C. Anderson. As of 2010, offerings include zero-gravity atmospheric flights, orbital space flights (with the option to participate in spacewalk), and other spaceflight-related experiences including cosmonaut training, spacewalk training, and launch tours. Plans announced thus far include sub-orbital and lunar space flights. As of October 2009, seven clients have participated in the orbital spaceflight program with Space Adventures.

5. Blue Origin

Industry: Aerospace and space tourism
Blue Origin is a privately funded aerospace company set up by Amazon.com founder Jeff Bezos. The company is developing technologies to enable private human access to space with the goal of dramatically lower cost and increased reliability. It is employing an incremental approach from suborbital to orbital flight, with each developmental step building on its prior work. The company motto is "Gradatim Ferociter", Latin for "Step-by-Step, Ferociously". Blue Origin is developing a variety of technologies, with a focus on rocket-powered Vertical Takeoff and Vertical Landing (VTVL) vehicles for access to suborbital and orbital space.

6. EADS Astrium

Industry: Space industry and Space tourism
A company by Airbus Defence and Space.
In June 2007, EADS Astrium announced it would be entering the space tourism sector. On June 20, 2007 the company unveiled a model of the space jet, a one-stage sub-orbital hybrid craft, utilising both jet and rocket engines. Carrying four passengers, the space jet would take off from regular airports using conventional jet engines. Once flying to the needed altitude the rockets would then be fired. After reaching its final altitude of 100 km, passengers would experience weightlessness for three minutes. Tickets were expected to cost up to €200,000 with flights possibly beginning in 2012. EADS estimated development cost will approach 1 billion Euros. In March 2009 EADS Astrium confirmed that the program had been placed on hold indefinitely; the decision had been made in January of that year.

7. Bigelow Aerospace
BigelowLogo.png
Industry: Aerospace
Bigelow Aerospace is an American space technology startup company, based in North Las Vegas, Nevada that is pioneering work on expandable space station modules. Bigelow Aerospace was founded by Robert Bigelow in 1998. and is funded in large part by the fortune Bigelow gained through his ownership of the hotel chain Budget Suites of America. Bigelow has stated on multiple occasions that he is prepared to fund Bigelow Aerospace with about US$500 million through 2015 in order to achieve launch of full-scale hardware.


Bigelow is pioneering a new market in a flexible and configurable set of space habitats. Moreover, industry observers have noted that Bigelow is demonstrating audacity to pioneer such a market "in a capital-intensive, highly-regulated industry like spaceflight."

8. Scaled Composites

Industry: Aerospace
Scaled Composites (often abbreviated as Scaled) is an aerospace company founded by Burt Rutan and currently owned by Northrop Grumman that is located at the Mojave Spaceport, Mojave, California, United States. Prior to acquisition by Northrop Grumman, the company was founded to develop experimental aircraft, but now focuses on designing and developing concept craft and prototype fabrication processes for aircraft and other vehicles. It is known for unconventional designs, for its use of non-metal, composite materials, and for winning the Ansari X Prize with its experimental spacecraft SpaceShipOne.

9. The Spaceship Company

Industry: Aerospace
The Spaceship Company (also known as TSC) is a spacecraft manufacturing company that was founded by Burt Rutan and Richard Branson in mid-2005 and was jointly owned by Virgin Group (70%) and Scaled Composites (30%) until 2012 when Virgin Galactic became the sole owner. TSC was formed to own the technology created by Scaled for Virgin Galactic's Virgin SpaceShip program. This includes developments on the care-free reentry system and cantilevered-hybrid rocket motor, licensed from Paul Allen and Burt Rutan's Mojave Aerospace. The company is manufacturing Virgin Galactic's spacecraft and will sell spacecraft to other buyers. The suborbital launch system offered will include the SpaceShipTwo spacecraft and the White Knight Two carrier aircraft.

10. ARCA SPACE (NGO)

Industry: Aerospace and space tourism
Asociația Română pentru Cosmonautică și Aeronautică (ARCA) or Romanian Cosmonautics and Aeronautics Association is a non-governmental organization that promotes aerospace projects as well as other space-related activities. It is based in Râmnicu Vâlcea, Romania.

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